24 Best Cryptocurrency Affiliate Programs 2020 - Earn Bitcoin

One of the biggest risks of using segregated witness as a scaling solution (which was surfaced at the conference) is that to obtain the scaling benefit it will require not only new bitcoin core code,but also new code to be written by each of the major wallet providers who are generating transactions

https://blog.coinbase.com/what-happened-at-the-satoshi-roundtable-6c11a10d8cdf
submitted by peezoot to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

I would like to better understand the science of alkaloid extraction of Poppy Pods and Seeds

I have been doing a lot of research these past few weeks. It appears most scientific studies I have found are from 18-1900s. And sadly mostly focused on extracting morphine from the poppy.
I am a novice in biochemistry but do understand the very basics from extractions of DMT and Mescaline.
Poppy Seed and Poppy Pod methods are all over the place. Some suggest hot water, some cold. I have read the form of morphine is different than what you would find in an actual morphine pill so temperature, PH etc. is entirely different.
Here is my goal: I have some dried pods. I would like to make a tea. I want to extract ALL alkaloids and reduce it down to a putty/powder that can be capsuled.
For years what I have done is remove the seeds and save for later, grind up the pods to almost a powder. Then basically by making a tea, keeping the water at no higher than 90C for 1 hour then turn off the heat and let it rest over night.
Ill then use some cheese cloth and squeeze all the water out. I will do this 2-3 more times and the results are acceptable but I'd like to take a more scientific approach.
Again, everything I can find is mostly about only extracting the morphine. I want the morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine, and papaverine etc extracted and then reduced - as I subscribe to the belief that there is a synergistic effect to all of these alkoloids similar marijuana with terpenes and cannabinoids.
How do I even start to discover the popper temperatures to get these, or the best PH? Or is water even the best medium to use. My limited knowledge of other extracts in A/B extraction is there are things such as polarity and PH are important.
Here are a few of the best sources I have found so far:
A) https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_1957-01-01_2_page007.html B) https://drive.google.com/file/d/18Z61R-j4UBkUzsP1F5xRVhNlOAbcDMBW Ba) summary of above findings (https://www.reddit.com/PoppyTeaUniversity/comments/76yw26/quantification_of_morphine_codeine_and_thebaine/)
A) seems to be the most promising, where one can extract most of the alkoloids without multiple stages. But I don't fully understated the verbage.
This is my undestanding after reading it, feel free to correct me on any misconceptions.
Keep in mind (all these start with opium extraction to begin with. I am starting with dry pods ground to powder or high quality seeds. My next experiment will be 2lbs of decent quality dried pods.)
1) The dissolution of the opium is done in the usual manner. The opium is cut into slices and stirred with five times its weight of water. Heating to 45-50°C is applied to speed up disintegration.
So say I have 1000 grams of dried pop powder I should make a tea starting with 5000 grams of water. For how long though do you think? 
2) The filtration and washing of the completely disintegrated opium follows to some extent the known pattern of the counter-current method as described by Schwyzer (18) and Barbier (1), (2), but does not aim at obtaining a highly concentrated extract. The marc which remains after the separation of the aqueous extract by filtration is **washed five times with 1 to 2 parts of 2% acetic acid for one part of opium.
This is where I am totally lost. Is this saying to filter the water from the plant matter in my case, then wash the plant matter 5 times with 1 to 2 parts of a 2% acetic acid solution and save the liquid from that? What exactly is meant by 2% acetic acid solution? And once I make this acetic acid solution I should do 5 washes with up to twice the volume of the plant matter? Or do I have this totally backwards and I am actually washing the tea and not even touching the plant matter any more? 
This is already getting to be a long post. If anyone is willing to help me go through this in layman terms I'd be willing to even pay you for your time in bitcoin.
Really, I don't want to extract and convert to any salts or anything. I just want to know the correct temperature and PH to most effectively extract as many alkaloids as possible from ground up pods or good quality seeds From what I have been reading this may take a few washes of different characteristics?
Allow me to explain how I have usually done this when I am not just making tea and drinking it:
1) Usually I just let my ground up pods or seeds sit in ~90C water (as suggested by source B/Ba - but after reading source A that has me questioning if it should be more like 45-50°C!)
2) Then after that maintaining that temp for about an hour I turn the heat down and take the lid off and just let it slowly evaporate to about 50% of original aquas solution while the plant mater still remains.
3) I strain this and use a cheese cloth and press to get excess juice if I am using pods
4) I do this 3 times total, mix all 3 extractions into one container and then either air dry slowly with a fan or put in a large surface area pyrex dish in the oven at the lowest setting and cook until a slimey putty that can be capsuled.
Am I missing out or potentially destroying any goodie with this method?
If that is just as effective as the process described in source A) ill just stick with what I know. But at the same time if the source I found above 1) makes a worthwhile higher quality product with more alkaloids and 2) helps me learn more about chemistry In the process it would be worth it to me.
Lastly, would there be any benefit to use a high proof alcohol or perhaps naptha at room temp to extract instead of water. Then proceed with my usual process just described? How or what would you search to find out if alcohol extracts such alkaloids?
Thanks for your time!
submitted by LsDmT to TheeHive [link] [comments]

Let's try to better understand the science

I have been doing a lot of research these past few weeks. It appears most scientific studies I have found are from 18-1900s. And sadly mostly focused on extracting morphine from the poppy.
I am a novice in biochemistry but do understand the very basics from extractions of DMT and Mescaline.
Poppy Seed and Poppy Pod methods are all over the place. Some suggest hot water, some cold. I have read the form of morphine is different than what you would find in an actual morphine pill so temperature, PH etc is entirely different.
Here is my goal: I have some dried pods. I would like to make a tea. I want to extract ALL alkaloids and reduce it down to a putty/powder that can be capsuled.
For years what I have done is remove the seeds and save for later, grind up the pods to almost a powder. Then basicly by making a tea, keeping the water at no higher than 90C for 1 hour then turn off the heat and let it rest over night.
Ill then use some cheese cloth and squeeze all the water out. I will do this 2-3 more times and the results are acceptable but I'd like to take a more scientific approach.
Again, everything I can find is mostly about only extracting the morphine. I want the morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine, and papaverine extracted and then reduced.
How do I even start to discover the popper temperatures to get these, or the best PH? Or is water even the best medium to use. My limited knowledge of other extracts in A/B extraction is there are things such as polarity and PH are important. I've seen something called
Here are a few of the best sources I have found so far:
A) https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_1957-01-01_2_page007.html B) https://drive.google.com/file/d/18Z61R-j4UBkUzsP1F5xRVhNlOAbcDMBW Ba) summary of above findings (https://www.reddit.com/PoppyTeaUniversity/comments/76yw26/quantification_of_morphine_codeine_and_thebaine/)
A) seems to be the most promising, where one can extract most of the alkoloids without multiple stages. But I don't fully understated the verbage.
This is my undestanding after reading it, feel free to correct me on any misconceptions.
Keep in mind (all these start with opium extraction to begin with. I am starting with dry pods ground to powder or high quality seeds. My next experiment will be 2lbs of decent quality dried pods.)
1) The dissolution of the opium is done in the usual manner. The opium is cut into slices and stirred with five times its weight of water. Heating to 45-50°C is applied to speed up disintegration.
So say I have 1000 grams of dried pop powder I should make a tea starting with 5000 grams of water. For how long though do you think? 
2) The filtration and washing of the completely disintegrated opium follows to some extent the known pattern of the counter-current method as described by Schwyzer (18) and Barbier (1), (2), but does not aim at obtaining a highly concentrated extract. The marc which remains after the separation of the aqueous extract by filtration is **washed five times with 1 to 2 parts of 2% acetic acid for one part of opium.
This is where I am totally lost. Is this saying to filter the water from the plant matter in my case, then wash the plant matter 5 times with 1 to 2 parts of a 2% acetic acid solution and save the liquid from that? What exactly is meant by 2% acetic acid solution? And once I make this acetic acid solution I should do 5 washes with up to twice the volume of the plant matter? Or do I have this totally backwards and I am actually washing the tea and not even touching the plant matter any more? 
This is already getting to be a long post. If anyone is willing to help me go through this in layman terms I'd be willing to even pay you for your time in bitcoin.
Really, I don't want to extract and convert to any salts or anything. I just want to know the correct temperature and PH to most effectively extract as many alkaloids as possible from ground up pods or good quality seeds From what I have been reading this may take a few washes of different characteristics?
Allow me to explain how I have usually done this when I am not just making tea and drinking it:
1) Usually I just let my ground up pods or seeds sit in ~90C water (as suggested by source B/Ba - but after reading source A that has me questioning if it should be more like 45-50°C!)
2) Then after that maintaining that temp for about an hour I turn the heat down and take the lid off and just let it slowly evaporate to about 50% of original aquas solution while the plant mater still remains.
3) I strain this and use a cheese cloth and press to get excess juice if I am using pods
4) I do this 3 times total (Only the first time is done overnight), mix all 3 extractions into one container and then either air dry slowly with a fan or put in a large surface area pyrex dish in the oven at the lowest setting and cook until a slimey putty that can be capsuled.
Am I missing out or potentially destroying any goodie with this method?
If that is just as effective as the process described in source A) ill just stick with what I know. But at the same time if the source I found above 1) makes a worthwhile higher quality product with more alkaloids and 2) helps me learn more about chemistry In the process it would be worth it to me.
Lastly, would there be any benefit to use a high proof alcohol or perhaps naptha at room temp to extract instead of water. Then proceed with my usual process just described? How or what would you search to find out if alcohol extracts such alkaloids?
Thanks for your time!
PS: Just as I was about to click post I found a final source. It is using some ultrasonic extractor but I think this info may still be valuable?
"The results of the study suggests that 1.10 of pH, 42.36°C of extraction temperature, 59.94 min of extraction time, and 19.99 mL to 500 mg solvent/solid ratio should be employed as optimal operating conditions for the best EY"
So it appears the common wisdom of the poppy subreddit may in fact be incorrect that 93C at neutral PH is optimal and 2 sources studies state somewhere around 43C is best.
Even stranger is source C states a PH of 1! I also cannot understand what solvent they are using. Any thoughts?
submitted by LsDmT to poppyseed [link] [comments]

A theory of why Ethereum is perhaps better "sound money" than Bitcoin.

The idea of Bitcoin's supremacy as "sound money" is very frequently thrown around by the biggest talking heads in the crypto world. I know I will get a lot of hate for suggesting that this theory is not only flawed, but it is straight up wrong. As unintuitive as it may sound to Bitcoin maximalists (no offense intended) I believe Ethereum is on the path to becoming the global leading asset and model for sound money... give me a chance to explain why.

  1. The idea that nothing can change Bitcoin's issuance schedule is a myth. There is absolutely no divine power controlling the supply of Bitcoin. Contrary to what is commonly asserted, Bitcoin's issuance protocol is not primarily driven by what is currently implemented. The real driver is consensus: the majority of network participants must agree that what is currently defined cannot be changed. There is an underlying assumption that the consensus would never want to change Bitcoin's issuance. On the surface this makes for a nice "sound money" narrative, but it is false premise and sticking to it could be ultimately detrimental. It presents a long term sustainability issue (the hope that somehow Bitcoin's base layer will scale enough to maintain security entirely through fees). It also completely dismisses the possibility that an unforeseen event could create pressure to change the issuance. If Bitcoin managed to create a consensus mechanism that did not rely on mining, it is very likely there would be consensus to reduce issuance. On the other hand, if some potentially catastrophic event would create incentives to increase the issuance, it would only make sense for the network to do so.
  2. Issuance flexibility is not fundamentally bad. Etheruem's approach to adjust the issuance according to the contextual circumstances has resulted in a faster rate of issuance reduction than what was originally defined in the protocol. The rate of issuance will continue to decrease as new developments allow for it to happen without compromising the network security. There is a very high probability that Ethereum will achieve a lower issuance rate than Bitcoin in the next two years, and it could possibly achieve zero issuance in the next five years. This would be a result of a successful implementation of PoS, sharding and EIP-1559.
  3. The root of all evil is Proof of Work. PoW is by far the primary cost of operating the Bitcoin network. It is the primary determinant of how much issuance is needed as a financial incentive to keep miners doing their thing. The very mechanism that secures the network's decentralization is unfortunately quite wasteful. The degree of decentralization is a direct result of how much random mathematical operations are being done by miners.
  4. There is a better way. Some people will take offense by the use of the word wasteful, and they claim that it is not because those mindless calculations are what is actually securing the network. However, its wasteful aspect becomes clear if there is a different way to achieve equal or superior decentralization without the need to crunch difficult computational problems. This just so happens to be embodied in Ethereum's design of Proof of Stake. It will drastically reduce the cost of securing the network, while providing at least 2-3% annual returns for the ownership of Ether. When Ethereum's issuance becomes lower than its staking rewards, it will effectively have achieved the same effect as having zero (or possibly negative) issuance.
  5. The value proposition of Ethereum 2.0 is unmatched. There is just absolutely no asset in the world that has a 2-3% self-denominated annual returns and just so happens to be rapidly appreciating. When wall-street's greed sees this, it will create the mother of all bubbles.
  6. Don't dismiss the flippening. On February 01 2018 Ethereum reached 70% of Bitcoin's marked cap (it was even closer if you account for the amount of lost bitcoins). That happened before DEFI, before proof of staking was within reach, before multiple effective layer 2 solutions were a thing, before wrapped Bitcoins and before the first signs of mass adoption were on the horizon (like integration with Reddit , VISA and potential to compete with SWIFT). Utility is a huge factor in driving prices, lets not forget how Silk Road played a key role into propelling Bitcoin's value. Yes, Ethereum crashed hard after the peak in 2018, but perhaps it is simply manifesting a higher volatility pattern that is reminiscent of Bitcoin's early years. Bitcoin's first 5 years were characterized by aggressive price swings, why should it be different for Etheruem (considering it is about 5 years younger than Bitcoin)? If the volatility patterns stands on this bull market, we will see a flippening.
So... do I think Etheruem will flip? Yes I do, but I still hold Bitcoin. No one has a crystal ball, and nothing is certain. Perhaps Etheruem will crash and burn, perhaps Bitcoin will become the next Yahoo, and perhaps they will both thrive in this new exciting crypto world.
submitted by TheWierdGuy to ethereum [link] [comments]

Fanboyism, maximalism, interoperabilty, working with others and division of time transcript

Hi everybody, this is Charles Hoskinson broadcasting live from warm sunny Colorado.
I wanted to make a video about division of time. I've been recently making a lot of commentary on the ETC ecosystem. I've also reached out to other ecosystems like the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem, the Litecoin ecosystem for a variety of reasons and I noticed that there are some people in the comments and then telegram and twitter and other places say "oh no" focus 100% of your effort on Cardano! Why are you talking to ETC, why are you doing this and doing that?
So first off I run a big company. I we have over 250 people. About half of those people wake up every day and they're involved in Cardano. The other half are not so. As the CEO of a company where you have that kind of division there's non-Cardano things I do. Cardano's our largest project, we're heavily involved in it and obviously we wake up every day and we want Cardano to be successful and have billions of users and this is why we are following the process we're following. We're building the technology we're building. It's why we work very hard trying to commercialize it.
Every deal we do in Africa, every deal we do in eastern Europe, every deal we do in Asia, we have a Cardano first policy of deploying those deals on that platform and we built that platform to service those deals and as that platform evolves you'll see more use and utility from our sales channels in that respect. That said, one of the pillars of a third generation cryptocurrency is interoperability. It's kind of a silly thing to be a maximalist but then also talk about interoperability. What the hell is the point that? Either you want one chain to rule them all and therefore you don't care at all about talking to other systems or you put your money where your mouth is and you work on those other systems. You build expertise in those systems, you affect changes in those systems so that those systems can partner with our systems and work with our systems.
You know the Samsung CEO? He has a division that every day gets up and works with Apple and they work on the motherboards of the iPhone and build memory for them. Do all kinds of cool things and Samsung's division knows what the iPhone is going to look like before any of us knows. At the same time, there's another division at Samsung that wakes up every day and works on phones like the Galaxy to compete with the iPhone. Great companies have the capacity to do these things and we are a great company in that respect we have different and dedicated teams for different products and projects.
Now, we will never work on overlapping systems. It's not the case that we're going to have developers go and work on Cardano and something that's a direct competitor of Cardano because it makes no competitive sense for that to happen and I do not view ETC as a competitor of Cardano. It's a proof-of-work system, not a proof-of-stake system. It's a code-is-law system, not a world-financial operating system. It's a system that will always have a smaller group of people in it and always have a smaller set of things to do so time spent there with a completely separate team has no bearing or impact on our ability to deliver things with Cardano.
I can't accelerate things above and beyond what the teams can do, for example, today. I'm waiting for Daedalus flight to come out. There is nothing I can do. I can't pick up the phone and call the engineers and say can you ship it 15 minutes faster. The plan, it's been set, the release manager is there, the QA, team's there, everybody knows what to do. There's consensus amongst that team. They're going off to the mountain top, get it done and when it's done they'll let me know and then I'll tweet "new Daedalus is out guys" go play with it and it gives me some work to do of course but until they finish their job there's nothing to do in that respect. The Cardano plans we have are well set , we know exactly what we need to do. Those teams are working hard and I do everything in my power to accelerate things where and when it's safe to do so and everything in my power to get things done.
Shelley, for example. We worked so hard to get that out on July 29th, we had almost unlimited overtime. Everyone worked the weekend. Some people worked over 40 days straight to get that release done. Meanwhile half of the company was doing other things in other capacities and working on those projects. None of their work or the other cryptocurrencies we tend to work with had any bearing or impact on our ability to accelerate or decelerate the Shelley work stream. I just want to make sure everybody understands that and for people who have developed a maximalist mindset to get out of that maximalist mindset. There's a place for maximalism, it's called Bitcoin maximalism. If you live there, go there, okay and go believe in that project, in that chain but this is the Cardano ecosystem. It's going to literally work with hundreds if not thousands of different standards over its life. From central banks to other cryptocurrencies to legacy financial operators from the Chases of the world to the Goldman Sachs' of the world.
Provisions will be made to build special hooks for these systems including interoperability with permission systems. It's very likely in the next 24 months Cardano will be talking to an instance of Hyperledger Fabric from IBM. Very likely that that's going to happen. It's very likely that we'll consult on a project that does that and no way does this diminish the road map or somehow make Cardano less competitive. It's actually quite the opposite. The fact that we can work with those systems, the fact that we can do things with those systems means that the platform as a whole is intrinsically more valuable. It's easier to sell to Fortune 500 companies. It's easier to get use utility and adoption because people understand that they're not being led down the road of vendor lock-in and regressing back to the old days of internet explorer or what ConsenSys is trying to do with Ethereum, trying to lock everybody into one standard, one system, rather the value proposition we offer.
Is true interoperability the ability to move in and out? Furthermore, when you create partnerships with other ecosystems then their success is our success. For example, if the treasury system proposal succeeds in ETC they will be in the market for a permanent treasury system in 2021. We as a community can make the case that we've constructed with Voltaire is a great choice for them and of course we'll try to make that case and if it's successful we provide mutual value and benefit more volume and transactions and activity on the Cardano network, and for ETC they have a best-in-class treasury system that meets the values of that community. The exact same argument can be made for Litecoin, or for Bitcoin cash or for other systems and if you want to see the wrapped Litecoin video that I did earlier in the year it gives a great road map for a potential push there.
Furthermore, what if we turn Daedalus into a multi-currency wallet? That's already going to happen because we have a multi-asset standard and so when people issue tokens on Cardano Daedalus will support those tokens sometime in the future. It would be very easy for us to pull Ethereum classic and Litecoin and Bitcoin cash and other ecosystems into the Daedalus wallet. What does that mean? It means that people who live in that ecosystem will be using our technology as their day-to-day experience in hosting for their token! What does that mean if we have a DEX built into that thing? It potentially could create more adoption in use and utility for ada and this is the point we accomplish so much more working together than beating each other down.
I am damn tired of the cryptocurrency markets as they are. The fanboys, the trolls, the FUD, the maximalism, the relentless allegations that people you disagree with or hold different tokens are scammers or criminals or bad human beings. It's time we as an industry set this aside and grow up. Just grow up or else what's the point? Why would anybody looking from the outside at all of this chaos and noise and insanity and maximalism want to come play in this pool? It's like you're about to enter a bar and you see a bar fight. Do you keep going in or you turn around and walk away and say I don't want that trouble. I'm going to go down the street somewhere else that's safer and so how will we ever get mainstream adoption, how will we ever make the argument to governments that they should trust their elections, their property, perhaps even the money of their people on our systems if we're incapable of entertaining other ideas, other philosophies and other ecosystems? We don't deserve the right for that responsibility if we're not mature enough to have differences of opinion and be able to welcome other ecosystems into our own.
So this video is a call against maximalism first and foremost and second it's a realization that the duties of an executive officer are extensive meaning that there are days I wake up and there are Ethereum days and, by the way, working in that ecosystem gives me and my company exhaustive knowledge on how Ethereum works which allows me then to build a better product than they have and understand where all the bodies are buried: all the flaws in the protocols, the security issues, the performance issues, the smart contract development experience. That intimacy is extremely important to be able to predict, react and also plan a competitive strategy that can take you in a different and better direction.
You just don't live in a mono-culture. It's a bad deal, that's the second point. You have many projects. When you have a larger company, some of those projects are completely separate from each other. Some of those projects may have a bit of overlap. We have a philosophy that we don't work on competing products. For example we have done work with horizon (Horizon2020?) and as a consequence of doing work with them we're probably not going to work on zcash at the same time. As long as we have that relationship there we, for example, work on Cardano so we're not going to go work on another proof-of-stake system that wants to be a financial operating system. That would be a direct competitor. For example, Tezos would be happy to jointly author papers and coordinate collaboration but there needs to be a Cardano benefit in that relationship whereas ETC as I've mentioned is a totally different system and it's something that we have as a company historically worked on for years.
We started our participation in 2016. We built a full client in that process. Did that have any impact on our ability to deliver Cardano? We had a completely separate engineering team. That team was actually sourced from external companies. Scalac and Atix Labs to begin with and then we built on top of it and it had different product and project management and it was completely written with a different group. So it might as well have been a different company for that matter and I just talked to the team but the Cardano team was doing its own thing so I I think we need to just cut it out. Cut out the maximalism, cut out this idea that there is only one truth. We live in a nuanced world and we live in a world of interoperability. We have to embrace that if we wish to be successful and let us be the adults in the room. Let's be the place where this isn't the bar fight and let's be the place that welcomes everybody.
Furthermore, I've noticed some criticism from my own community. When people criticize us and they go to the politics of destruction or personal attacks or yield on criticizing people's intelligence or whatever have you... Cut that out too. Let's be a better community. I repeatedly call upon the Tezos foundation to tell its community to stop criticizing Cardano and calling it's "a scam project". So, I'll call upon my own community, I have seen things that shouldn't have happened. Certain members of Cardano community replying to people over twitter, replying to people who criticize us have resorted to personal attacks and so forth. Again, just ignore them , mute, let's embrace unity, let's embrace being better, yes, occasionally you got to kick people in the teeth especially when people are lying and what you do is you call them out on the lies that they've made. You specifically point out where they have done things that are a bit crazy or disingenuous and dishonest.
For example, we had a meeting today with Ethereum classic and it was blatantly apparent to me that this process has been set up to fail and be exclusive and prevent alternative ideas from a certain power structure from being held. So, I made a 30-minute whiteboard video where I not only called it out but I proposed an alternative and said this is how we're going to transcend that process and get to a much more productive way of doing things. Some of the criticism we have is justified because of product delays or because people don't fully understand who we are and what we're trying to do and obviously there's history there. So, first and foremost, let's reply with facts. First and foremost let's reply with dignity and respect and empathy for the other person's position and you know what? If they continue to push forward then you kick him in the teeth and you say it's obvious you don't want to have a conversation. You're a troll, but to my community please do this and please have this level of respect and dignity with others and with each other.
For example, we right now have a lot of debates with small stake pools versus large stake pools, there's plenty of people floating around with differences of opinion and our mantra should always be disagree without being disagreeable. People are going to have other values people, are gonna have differences of opinion and people are gonna have different perspectives. You can't change that reality nor should you. We all have the right to think and have differences of opinion but we also should expect a dialog that's fair and has empathy in it and so I call upon everybody to preserve that decorum as we move forward and also understand that some days we wake up we have to do things that are non-Cardano related in order for us all to be successful because not all the world will ever be Cardano related. We always need partners whether it be great pieces of hardware like Ledger and Trezor or exchanges to work with different wallets and sometimes those partners do stuff with us and sometimes those partners do things with other people. We have friends, we have projects we admire and respect.
For example, I've expressed repeatedly great admiration for the Algorand project. I think they're doing a phenomenal job and they have great leadership with Silvio Micali. I think the research and the engineering there is top notch. I personally believe Cardano is better. That's because we built it and that's because we think we have a better strategy to market and ultimately the market's going to decide which standards to go with and whether it's going to be many standards or a consolidation. That's not my decision. I just have to wake up every day and fight for the things I believe in. That said, never once have we ever criticized Algorand because they are in essence the model of empathy and dignity and good communication and being very proactive at focusing on solutions when they make announcements. They make announcements about new things that they're doing and new partners that they have and never once have they ever criticized another project or engaged in fanboyism. That's a great community, that's a great project and it's a model for where the space should go and I admire that deeply and greatly especially when you contrast it with other projects that have been less empathetic in their history.
We all have our problems, we all have our issues. I know that we all can be better and so that's my final point. Let's do that. Let's be better as an industry. Let's be a bit friendlier and let's invest the time and effort necessary to really understand and listen to each other because ultimately I think that's going to get us where we need to go and be able to get us to a point where we have that adoption of millions and billions of people and fundamentally change the fabric of society.
Otherwise we will be victims of our own success and descend into tribalism and descend into sectarian violence and then ultimately destroy the entire industry because it will become co-opted by large companies who use a surface-level marketing to take the brand, take the notion of a blockchain but then install centralized authorities behind them and in which case we've lost. I don't want that to happen I want the movement to succeed. I want us to understand each other and I enjoy having great competitors sometimes working with them sometimes fighting them in the battle of the markets, in the markets of ideas and ultimately I think we as a community have a chance to also be a model for everyone else.
So, let's do that. Thank you...
Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXQrm18XhQ8
submitted by stake_pool to cardano [link] [comments]

The feasibility of using one email address per online presence with ProtonMail

In Bitcoin, the receive address reuse is a bad form for transaction privacy. Because as you use the same Bitcoin address, again and again, to send and receive bitcoins, an entity that's watching the transactions happening on chain can identify that address, cluster it, and make certain inferences that degrade the user's privacy.
Somewhat similar situation also exists in email usage -- certainly of today, if not 10 years ago.
Today, people use a single email to sign up to twitter, youtube, facebook, all other social media, forums, newsletters, online shopping, online comments boards, their governments' online services, and more.
Using that johndoe-at-example-dot-com email address over and over, on such a diverse breadth of services can degrade that user's privacy.
I am aware that some of the online services (newsletters, forums, bank account services, social media, etc.) aggregate user data, package them, and sell to advertising companies under auction.
So, as a user's data switches hands as a result of this (aggregated or non-aggregated) info-share between internet services, a person who looks purposefully (intel agencies, ad companies, etc.) can deduce the online presence over this pattern of repeating email addresses.
For example, John might be using his single email address for twitter, some forums and amazon. And let's say, only his amazon account is linked to his real identity. So, an entity (perhaps amazon itself) who can pull user email addresses from such diverse sources on the internet, can uncover John's real identity linked to his email address, and then his social media and/or forum posts to his real name.
So, the solution to this privacy degradation is using one email address per online service.
The question is: is this something feasible to do with protonmail?
I am aware that generating a single, unique email address at the user's whim can be used for spam, or abuse. But I believe also the privacy gains are huge.
Bitcoin wallets today generate a single and unique Bitcoin receive address for each new transaction.
So, can we also have protonmail (or some other email service) that generates a new email address per online service?
I know that facebook+john(-at-)pm.me, or forum+john(-at-)pm.me, etc. exist. However, by simple inspection, in these cases, it's possible to deduce the email account behind these two addresses is john(-at-)pm.me. So, this doesn't really solve the aforementioned problem.
What we need is totally randomized email addresses using random-phrase-generators (like Diceware passphrases) such as: randomhorse(-at-)pm.me, or coolstaple(-at-)pm.me.
Also, I am aware of the services like 33mail or AnonAddy. However, relying on an external, extra service for emails adds up to the compleity, to the attack-surface, to the overall hassle.
So, the question I would like to discuss is this: is this something feasible to do with protonmail?
submitted by Satoshi_Disciple to ProtonMail [link] [comments]

Since they're calling for r/btc to be banned...

Maybe it's time to discuss bitcoin's history again. Credit to u/singularity87 for the original post over 3 years ago.

People should get the full story of bitcoin because it is probably one of the strangest of all reddit subs.
bitcoin, the main sub for the bitcoin community is held and run by a person who goes by the pseudonym u/theymos. Theymos not only controls bitcoin, but also bitcoin.org and bitcointalk.com. These are top three communication channels for the bitcoin community, all controlled by just one person.
For most of bitcoin's history this did not create a problem (at least not an obvious one anyway) until around mid 2015. This happened to be around the time a new player appeared on the scene, a for-profit company called Blockstream. Blockstream was made up of/hired many (but not all) of the main bitcoin developers. (To be clear, Blockstream was founded before mid 2015 but did not become publicly active until then). A lot of people, including myself, tried to point out there we're some very serious potential conflicts of interest that could arise when one single company controls most of the main developers for the biggest decentralised and distributed cryptocurrency. There were a lot of unknowns but people seemed to give them the benefit of the doubt because they were apparently about to release some new software called "sidechains" that could offer some benefits to the network.
Not long after Blockstream came on the scene the issue of bitcoin's scalability once again came to forefront of the community. This issue came within the community a number of times since bitcoins inception. Bitcoin, as dictated in the code, cannot handle any more than around 3 transactions per second at the moment. To put that in perspective Paypal handles around 15 transactions per second on average and VISA handles something like 2000 transactions per second. The discussion in the community has been around how best to allow bitcoin to scale to allow a higher number of transactions in a given amount of time. I suggest that if anyone is interested in learning more about this problem from a technical angle, they go to btc and do a search. It's a complex issue but for many who have followed bitcoin for many years, the possible solutions seem relatively obvious. Essentially, currently the limit is put in place in just a few lines of code. This was not originally present when bitcoin was first released. It was in fact put in place afterwards as a measure to stop a bloating attack on the network. Because all bitcoin transactions have to be stored forever on the bitcoin network, someone could theoretically simply transmit a large number of transactions which would have to be stored by the entire network forever. When bitcoin was released, transactions were actually for free as the only people running the network were enthusiasts. In fact a single bitcoin did not even have any specific value so it would be impossible set a fee value. This meant that a malicious person could make the size of the bitcoin ledger grow very rapidly without much/any cost which would stop people from wanting to join the network due to the resource requirements needed to store it, which at the time would have been for very little gain.
Towards the end of the summer last year, this bitcoin scaling debate surfaced again as it was becoming clear that the transaction limit for bitcoin was semi regularly being reached and that it would not be long until it would be regularly hit and the network would become congested. This was a very serious issue for a currency. Bitcoin had made progress over the years to the point of retailers starting to offer it as a payment option. Bitcoin companies like, Microsoft, Paypal, Steam and many more had began to adopt it. If the transaction limit would be constantly maxed out, the network would become unreliable and slow for users. Users and businesses would not be able to make a reliable estimate when their transaction would be confirmed by the network.
Users, developers and businesses (which at the time was pretty much the only real bitcoin subreddit) started to discuss how we should solve the problem bitcoin. There was significant support from the users and businesses behind a simple solution put forward by the developer Gavin Andreesen. Gavin was the lead developer after Satoshi Nakamoto left bitcoin and he left it in his hands. Gavin initially proposed a very simple solution of increasing the limit which was to change the few lines of code to increase the maximum number of transactions that are allowed. For most of bitcoin's history the transaction limit had been set far far higher than the number of transactions that could potentially happen on the network. The concept of increasing the limit one time was based on the fact that history had proven that no issue had been cause by this in the past.
A certain group of bitcoin developers decided that increasing the limit by this amount was too much and that it was dangerous. They said that the increased use of resources that the network would use would create centralisation pressures which could destroy the network. The theory was that a miner of the network with more resources could publish many more transactions than a competing small miner could handle and therefore the network would tend towards few large miners rather than many small miners. The group of developers who supported this theory were all developers who worked for the company Blockstream. The argument from people in support of increasing the transaction capacity by this amount was that there are always inherent centralisation pressure with bitcoin mining. For example miners who can access the cheapest electricity will tend to succeed and that bigger miners will be able to find this cheaper electricity easier. Miners who have access to the most efficient computer chips will tend to succeed and that larger miners are more likely to be able to afford the development of them. The argument from Gavin and other who supported increasing the transaction capacity by this method are essentially there are economies of scale in mining and that these economies have far bigger centralisation pressures than increased resource cost for a larger number of transactions (up to the new limit proposed). For example, at the time the total size of the blockchain was around 50GB. Even for the cost of a 500GB SSD is only $150 and would last a number of years. This is in-comparison to the $100,000's in revenue per day a miner would be making.
Various developers put forth various other proposals, including Gavin Andresen who put forth a more conservative increase that would then continue to increase over time inline with technological improvements. Some of the employees of blockstream also put forth some proposals, but all were so conservative, it would take bitcoin many decades before it could reach a scale of VISA. Even though there was significant support from the community behind Gavin's simple proposal of increasing the limit it was becoming clear certain members of the bitcoin community who were part of Blockstream were starting to become increasingly vitriolic and divisive. Gavin then teamed up with one of the other main bitcoin developers Mike Hearn and released a coded (i.e. working) version of the bitcoin software that would only activate if it was supported by a significant majority of the network. What happened next was where things really started to get weird.
After this free and open source software was released, Theymos, the person who controls all the main communication channels for the bitcoin community implemented a new moderation policy that disallowed any discussion of this new software. Specifically, if people were to discuss this software, their comments would be deleted and ultimately they would be banned temporarily or permanently. This caused chaos within the community as there was very clear support for this software at the time and it seemed our best hope for finally solving the problem and moving on. Instead a censorship campaign was started. At first it 'all' they were doing was banning and removing discussions but after a while it turned into actively manipulating the discussion. For example, if a thread was created where there was positive sentiment for increasing the transaction capacity or being negative about the moderation policies or negative about the actions of certain bitcoin developers, the mods of bitcoin would selectively change the sorting order of threads to 'controversial' so that the most support opinions would be sorted to the bottom of the thread and the most vitriolic would be sorted to the top of the thread. This was initially very transparent as it was possible to see that the most downvoted comments were at the top and some of the most upvoted were at the bottom. So they then implemented hiding the voting scores next to the users name. This made impossible to work out the sentiment of the community and when combined with selectively setting the sorting order to controversial it was possible control what information users were seeing. Also, due to the very very large number of removed comments and users it was becoming obvious the scale of censorship going on. To hide this they implemented code in their CSS for the sub that completely hid comments that they had removed so that the censorship itself was hidden. Anyone in support of scaling bitcoin were removed from the main communication channels. Theymos even proudly announced that he didn't care if he had to remove 90% of the users. He also later acknowledged that he knew he had the ability to block support of this software using the control he had over the communication channels.
While this was all going on, Blockstream and it's employees started lobbying the community by paying for conferences about scaling bitcoin, but with the very very strange rule that no decisions could be made and no complete solutions could be proposed. These conferences were likely strategically (and successfully) created to stunt support for the scaling software Gavin and Mike had released by forcing the community to take a "lets wait and see what comes from the conferences" kind of approach. Since no final solutions were allowed at these conferences, they only served to hinder and splinter the communities efforts to find a solution. As the software Gavin and Mike released called BitcoinXT gained support it started to be attacked. Users of the software were attack by DDOS. Employees of Blockstream were recommending attacks against the software, such as faking support for it, to only then drop support at the last moment to put the network in disarray. Blockstream employees were also publicly talking about suing Gavin and Mike from various different angles simply for releasing this open source software that no one was forced to run. In the end Mike Hearn decided to leave due to the way many members of the bitcoin community had treated him. This was due to the massive disinformation campaign against him on bitcoin. One of the many tactics that are used against anyone who does not support Blockstream and the bitcoin developers who work for them is that you will be targeted in a smear campaign. This has happened to a number of individuals and companies who showed support for scaling bitcoin. Theymos has threatened companies that he will ban any discussion of them on the communication channels he controls (i.e. all the main ones) for simply running software that he disagrees with (i.e. any software that scales bitcoin).
As time passed, more and more proposals were offered, all against the backdrop of ever increasing censorship in the main bitcoin communication channels. It finally come down the smallest and most conservative solution. This solution was much smaller than even the employees of Blockstream had proposed months earlier. As usual there was enormous attacks from all sides and the most vocal opponents were the employees of Blockstream. These attacks still are ongoing today. As this software started to gain support, Blockstream organised more meetings, especially with the biggest bitcoin miners and made a pact with them. They promised that they would release code that would offer an on-chain scaling solution hardfork within about 4 months, but if the miners wanted this they would have to commit to running their software and only their software. The miners agreed and the ended up not running the most conservative proposal possible. This was in February last year. There is no hardfork proposal in sight from the people who agreed to this pact and bitcoin is still stuck with the exact same transaction limit it has had since the limit was put in place about 6 years ago. Gavin has also been publicly smeared by the developers at Blockstream and a plot was made against him to have him removed from the development team. Gavin has now been, for all intents an purposes, expelled from bitcoin development. This has meant that all control of bitcoin development is in the hands of the developers working at Blockstream.
There is a new proposal that offers a market based approach to scaling bitcoin. This essentially lets the market decide. Of course, as usual there has been attacks against it, and verbal attacks from the employees of Blockstream. This has the biggest chance of gaining wide support and solving the problem for good.
To give you an idea of Blockstream; It has hired most of the main and active bitcoin developers and is now synonymous with the "Core" bitcoin development team. They AFAIK no products at all. They have received around $75m in funding. Every single thing they do is supported by theymos. They have started implementing an entirely new economic system for bitcoin against the will of it's users and have blocked any and all attempts to scaling the network in line with the original vision.
Although this comment is ridiculously long, it really only covers the tip of the iceberg. You could write a book on the last two years of bitcoin. The things that have been going on have been mind blowing. One last thing that I think is worth talking about is the u/bashco's claim of vote manipulation.
The users that the video talks about have very very large numbers of downvotes mostly due to them having a very very high chance of being astroturfers. Around about the same time last year when Blockstream came active on the scene every single bitcoin troll disappeared, and I mean literally every single one. In the years before that there were a large number of active anti-bitcoin trolls. They even have an active sub buttcoin. Up until last year you could go down to the bottom of pretty much any thread in bitcoin and see many of the usual trolls who were heavily downvoted for saying something along the lines of "bitcoin is shit", "You guys and your tulips" etc. But suddenly last year they all disappeared. Instead a new type of bitcoin user appeared. Someone who said they were fully in support of bitcoin but they just so happened to support every single thing Blockstream and its employees said and did. They had the exact same tone as the trolls who had disappeared. Their way to talking to people was aggressive, they'd call people names, they had a relatively poor understanding of how bitcoin fundamentally worked. They were extremely argumentative. These users are the majority of the list of that video. When the 10's of thousands of users were censored and expelled from bitcoin they ended up congregating in btc. The strange thing was that the users listed in that video also moved over to btc and spend all day everyday posting troll-like comments and misinformation. Naturally they get heavily downvoted by the real users in btc. They spend their time constantly causing as much drama as possible. At every opportunity they scream about "censorship" in btc while they are happy about the censorship in bitcoin. These people are astroturfers. What someone somewhere worked out, is that all you have to do to take down a community is say that you are on their side. It is an astoundingly effective form of psychological attack.
submitted by CuriousTitmouse to btc [link] [comments]

A theory of why Ethereum is perhaps better "sound money" than Bitcoin.

The idea of Bitcoin's supremacy as "sound money" is very frequently thrown around by the biggest talking heads in the crypto world. I know I will get a lot of hate for suggesting that this theory is not only flawed, but it is straight up wrong. As unintuitive as it may sound to Bitcoin maximalists (no offense intended) I believe Ethereum is on the path to becoming the global leading asset and model for sound money... give me a chance to explain why.
  1. The idea that nothing can change Bitcoin's issuance schedule is a myth. There is absolutely no divine power controlling the supply of Bitcoin. Contrary to what is commonly asserted, Bitcoin's issuance protocol is not primarily driven by what is currently implemented. The real driver is consensus: the majority of network participants must agree that what is currently defined cannot be changed. There is an underlying assumption that the consensus would never want to change Bitcoin's issuance. On the surface this makes for a nice "sound money" narrative, but it is false premise and sticking to it could be ultimately detrimental. It presents a long term sustainability issue (the hope that somehow Bitcoin's base layer will scale enough to maintain security entirely through fees). It also completely dismisses the possibility that an unforeseen event could create pressure to change the issuance. If Bitcoin managed to create a consensus mechanism that did not rely on mining, it is very likely there would be consensus to reduce issuance. On the other hand, if some potentially catastrophic event would create incentives to increase the issuance, it would only make sense for the network to do so.
  2. Issuance flexibility is not fundamentally bad. Etheruem's approach to adjust the issuance according to the contextual circumstances has resulted in a faster rate of issuance reduction than what was originally defined in the protocol. The rate of issuance will continue to decrease as new developments allow for it to happen without compromising the network security. There is a very high probability that Ethereum will achieve a lower issuance rate than Bitcoin in the next two years, and it could possibly achieve zero issuance in the next five years. This would be a result of a successful implementation of PoS, sharding and EIP-1559.
  3. The root of all evil is Proof of Work. PoW is by far the primary cost of operating the Bitcoin network. It is the primary determinant of how much issuance is needed as a financial incentive to keep miners doing their thing. The very mechanism that secures the network's decentralization is unfortunately quite wasteful. The degree of decentralization is a direct result of how much random mathematical operations are being done by miners.
  4. There is a better way. Some people will take offense by the use of the word wasteful, and they claim that it is not because those mindless calculations are what is actually securing the network. However, its wasteful aspect becomes clear if there is a different way to achieve equal or superior decentralization without the need to crunch mathematical problems. This just so happens to be embodied in Ethereum's design of Proof of Stake. It will drastically reduce the cost of securing the network, while providing at least 2-3% annual returns for the ownership of Ether. When Ethereum's issuance becomes lower than its staking rewards, it will effectively have achieved the same effect as having zero (or possibly negative) issuance.
  5. The value proposition of Ethereum 2.0 is unmatched. There is just absolutely no asset in the world that has a 2-3% self-denominated annual returns and just so happens to be rapidly appreciating. When wall-street's greed sees this, it will create the mother of all bubbles.
  6. Don't dismiss the flippening. On February 01 2018 Ethereum reached 70% of Bitcoin's marked cap (it was even closer if you account for the amount of lost bitcoins). That happened before DEFI, before proof of staking was within reach, before multiple effective layer 2 solutions were a thing, before wrapped Bitcoins and before the first signs of mass adoption were on the horizon (like integration with Reddit , VISA and potential to compete with SWIFT). Utility is a huge factor in driving prices, lets not forget how Silk Road played a key role into propelling Bitcoin's value. Yes, Ethereum crashed hard after the peak in 2018, but perhaps it is simply manifesting a higher volatility pattern that is reminiscent of Bitcoin's early years. Bitcoin's first 5 years were characterized by aggressive price swings, why should it be different for Etheruem (considering it is about 5 years younger than Bitcoin)? If the volatility patterns stands on this bull market, we will see a flippening.
So... do I think Etheruem will flip? Yes I do, but I still hold Bitcoin. No one has a crystal ball, and nothing is certain. Perhaps Etheruem will crash and burn, perhaps Bitcoin will become the next Yahoo, and perhaps they will both thrive in this new exciting crypto world.
submitted by TheWierdGuy to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

What is really happening in the bitcoin mining process?

What is really happening in the bitcoin mining process?
April 30, 2020 | There’s more than just the sound of thousands of vacuums
It is very easy to just silo the arcane bitcoin mining process as just a bunch of machines computing mathematical algorithms. Although for the most part this is true, and the veracity of this is not far off from the real truth, but what we see on the surface is not identical to what we see below the surface. Understanding bitcoin mining goes beyond the USB enabled ASIC miners we are accustomed to see on every thumbnail article we come across related to this industry.

It’s easy to understand why newbies halt their understanding of bitcoin mining to just state-of-the-art supercomputers with cool flickering neon green lights.
The following below is taken from the masterpiece of a novel, “Mastering Bitcoin”, by the great Andreas Antonopolous. As elegant as it sounds, its best to restate Andreas’ explanation of emergent consensus.
“Satoshi Nakamoto’s main invention is the decentralized mechanism for emergent consensus. Emergent, because consensus is not achieved explicitly — there is no election or fixed moment when consensus occurs. Instead, consensus is an emergent artifact of the asynchronous interaction of thousands of independent nodes, all following simple rules. All the properties of bitcoin, including currency, transactions, payments, and the security model that does not depend on central authority or trust, derive from this invention.
Bitcoin’s decentralized consensus emerges from the interplay of four processes that occur independently on nodes across the network:
  • Independent verification of each transaction, by every full node, based on a comprehensive list of criteria
  • Independent aggregation of those transactions into new blocks by mining nodes, coupled with demonstrated computation through a proof-of-work algorithm
  • Independent verification of the new blocks by every node and assembly into a chain
  • Independent selection, by every node, of the chain with the most cumulative computation demonstrated through proof of work”
The following is a scenario taken from the book as well which excellently demonstrates what is going on with a mining node and its corresponding connected miner machine:
“A mining node is listening for transactions, trying to mine a new block and also listening for blocks discovered by other nodes. The arrival of this block signifies the end of the competition for block 277,315 and the beginning of the competition to create block 277,316. During the previous 10 minutes, while Jing’s node was searching for a solution to block 277,315, it was also collecting transactions in preparation for the next block. By now it has collected a few hundred transactions in the memory pool. Upon receiving block 277,315 and validating it, Jing’s node will also check all the transactions in the memory pool and remove any that were included in block 277,315. Whatever transactions remain in the memory pool are unconfirmed and are waiting to be recorded in a new block. Jing’s node immediately constructs a new empty block, a candidate for block 277,316. This block is called a candidate block because it is not yet a valid block, as it does not contain a valid proof of work. The block becomes valid only if the miner succeeds in finding a solution to the proof-of-work algorithm.
These specialized machines are connected to his mining node over USB. Next, the mining node running on Jing’s desktop transmits the block header to his mining hardware, which starts testing trillions of nonces per second.”
That is essentially the process of what a miner machine and a mining node is going through each every second it is hooked up to the network. Of course this is just a high level overview with a bland taste but one could go more in depth by reading the book mentioned.
Source:
1.Mastering Bitcoin: Unlocking Digital Cryptocurrencies 1st Edition, by Andreas M. Antonopoulos, O’Reilly Media; 1 edition (December 20, 2014)
submitted by 1TMine to u/1TMine [link] [comments]

Blockchain Oracles: Connecting The Worlds. Part 1

Blockchain Oracles: Connecting The Worlds. Part 1
Many blockchain-based cryptocurrencies, and most importantly, Bitcoin and Ether, have become notorious for transaction failures, primarily due to scalability issues. And that’s pretty much all when we talk about plain-vanilla Bitcoin and its copycats like Litecoin or its clones like Bitcoin Cash. But with blockchains like Ethereum, which expand into the far reaches of a new territory known as smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps), this is only the tip of the iceberg. In other words, only a beginning.
by StealthEX
What hides below the surface, and thus rarely emerges in public discussions about cryptocurrencies, is the closed-off nature of smart contract-enabled blockchains. To be ever so slightly useful, smart contracts and dApps running on top of them must have access to real-world data which is immensely off-chain, while they are permanently stuck within the constraints of their tiny on-chain world. So how do they escape out of the straightjackets put on them by their restrictive environments? That’s where blockchain oracles come into play.

And what role do they play, exactly?

Enabling smart contracts and dApps to interact with the outside world opens both endless possibilities and a big can of worms. Now that the entire world is made available to a smart contract, it can take an input from an external source of information, make some calculations that require this data or arrive at a decision based on it, and then get down to some work like moving contractually-locked funds from Alice to Bob. Or from Bob to Alice, depending on the verdict. Sounds cool, huh?
But here’s the catch. As transactions on a smart contract blockchain are supposed to be irreversible (while the blockchain itself immutable), it can lead to catastrophic consequences if the input has been tampered with or just happens to be incorrect for some arbitrary reason, not necessarily ill in intent. This fundamental problem of internalizing the outside world for on-chain execution of contractual agreements on smart contract blockchains has become most apparent with the advent of Decentralized Finance (or simply DeFi) a few years ago.
DeFi is a promising new kid on the blockchain arena. It hinges on the idea of decentralizing most financial services that we use today, but without a bank or other financial institution in the middle. It is envisioned that with the help of smart contracts and dApps using them we will be able to lend money and borrow with collateralized digital assets, offer and receive banking services including mortgages and insurance, buy and sell digital assets safely on decentralized marketplaces, as well as issue stablecoins and user tokens. Pretty impressive list, isn’t it?
However, for all of this to work properly we need trustless and reliable sources of information outside the blockchain that provide inputs to dApps running on that blockchain. DeFi requires trustless data feeds about the state of the world to ensure correct on-chain execution of smart contracts powering dApps. But how do we get these and manage to retrieve external data that cannot be verified through cryptography but that we can still trust and rely on? Entities that provide off-chain data for on-chain consumption are called blockchain oracles. Technically, an oracle is an interface through which a smart contract queries and retrieves information from an external source of truth.
As it turns out, DeFi is not the only field of application where blockchain oracles turn up quite handy, but since their use is most indispensable there, it makes sense to delve deeper into this area.

Oracles of DeFi

Today, the space is crowded with a plethora of players that aim at providing DeFi with so much needed real-time market information, for example, digital asset prices. There are many forms of oracles, but the most important distinction is drawn between centralized and decentralized ones. As DeFi is supposed to be a trustless, decentralized environment, the decentralized oracles are the flesh and blood of this ecosystem, so we are mostly concerned here with this type of blockchain oracles (just in case, there are centralized oracles too).
DeFi platforms deploy various oracle solutions in their pursuit of retrieving real-time information about the market price of digital assets. The most well known among these is the MakerDAO lending platform which uses an oracle module called the Medianizer to obtain the real-time exchange prices. Technically, it is a smart contract that accepts price updates from independent data feeds, discards false ones along with outliers, and calculates the median price (hence the name) to be used as a reference for other smart contracts.
Another blockchain-based borrowing and lending platform, Compound, uses administrators who are holders of the platform’s native COMP token. They manage and control price feeds through aggregator contracts they create. Authorized sources of information called reporters are then queried for reference prices by aggregators which verify the data and calculate median values to be used internally. A somewhat similar approach is utilized by AmpleForth, a developer of a stablecoin with elastic supply, and Synthetix, a platform for creating crypto-backed synthetic versions of assets like commodities, stocks, indices, cryptocurrencies, and fiat.
On the other hand, there are a few blockchain projects that provide decentralized oracle services to other platforms and blockchains, mostly Ethereum and EOS. Such projects as Provable (formerly Oraclize), ChainLink, Band Protocol, Tellor aim at providing blockchain-agnostic protocols that allow query and retrieval of virtually any type of reference data in a standardized manner. As authenticity and veracity of the information retrieved is of crucial importance to its consumers, these projects run their own decentralized blockchains whose primary task is to validate data feeds and check that the information received is authentic and has not been tampered with.
Realistically, these special-purpose blockchains come closest to the implementation of a blockchain oracle idea in a truly decentralized and trustless way.

To be continued

In the second part of this two-part article we will look into other uses of blockchain oracles beyond DeFi, and talk about potential problems and pitfalls of this nascent technology, as well as approaches used to deal with them. Stay with us and remain in the know!
And remember if you need to exchange your coins StealthEX is here for you. We provide a selection of more than 250 coins and constantly updating the list so that our customers will find a suitable option. Our service does not require registration and allows you to remain anonymous. Why don’t you check it out? Just go to StealthEX and follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example COMP to DAI.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Original article was posted on https://stealthex.io/blog/2020/08/12/blockchain-oracles-connecting-the-worlds-part-1/
submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]

Avalanche has no place in a Bitcoin based system.

Avalanche is a permission based system, unlike Bitcoin. Signing votes is essential with Avalanche. It is necessary even when identity is provided by the communications media, otherwise horrendously inefficient overhead is required. Compare, for example, the overhead of Leslie Lamport’s original solution to the Byzantine general’s problem with exponential overhead in the number of nodes, vs. the improved solution with digital signatures. Both of these versions were for permissioned systems.
Bitcoin mining is not permissioned and this is a key part of building a censorship proof system. Any new miner or group of miners can come in and a would be censor has no way of knowing whom to attack. Once a fixed group of players is required, the basis for Avalanche, this changes. Now all kinds of new attacks by state actors become possible. It is not just the cost and risks of signatures, it is the attack surface. This is true if Avalanche uses proof of work or proof of stake, the problem comes because the power to write to the ledger is backward looking, unlike Nakamoto consensus which keeps no state as to who gets to decide. With proof of work would be attackers have no way of knowing which node to attack to block the system.
When you add Avalanche to Bitcoin in search of a small quantitative improvement, you break Bitcoin’s fundamental qualitative essence. Avalanche has no place in a Bitcoin based system. Avalanche is a fundamentally different animal.
submitted by tl121 to btc [link] [comments]

How London Real and David Icke fooled the world. And everyone fell for it (long read) TL/DR included

[TL/DR at the bottom if you don't wanna read the whole thing]
HOW LONDON REAL AND DAVID ICKE FOOLED THE WORLD.
... AND EVERYONE FELL FOR IT
It's May, summer is coming in the Northern Hemisphere, but most of the people cannot enjoy the sun because they are trapped inside (unless they can chill in their gardens). Most social interactions happen between screens, and people go crazy on social media platforms about what is "really going on". An uprising began among ordinary folk regarding the origins of the so-called Covid 19 (and no, it's not the 19th Covid).
Few weeks back a very controversial Interview (some people call it a documentary; I tend to disagree, documentaries try to bring at least some proof to the table) surfaced on YouTube as a broadcast (meaning you could watch it as if it was Live) by London Real (basically a Joe Rogan style podcast channel) with the infamous conspiracy theorist David Icke. In the video, Mr. Icke makes extarordinary claims regarding Covid 19, 5G, Population control etc. The problem I had when the original video aired was that, although Mr. Icke mentioned sources, he did not cite almost anyone (and I researched his website, there's no actual studies cited anywhere to back up his claims), and most of the information seemed from someone who just read a few headlines here and there. (if you pm me I can give you examples, will stick to the story for the moment)
The video gathered millions of views and millions of shares across social media, and hyped a lot of people up against the "tyrant hand of the ones that want to control you", pretty soon people started attacking 5G towers (and if I recall correctly normal cellphone towers as well).
And YouTube did its job. Coronavirus was influencing people and who knew what desperate and angry people would have been capable of. So they deleted the video, to stop its spread. and so did all other platforms (Vimeo, facebook, etc). Rightfully so. What if there was no conspiracy? You hosted videos that encited people to commit crimes, you will be sued for billions and billions and billions (in Trump's voice).
People were outraged. The truth was being silenced. The government did not want to let the people know what's actually going on. Well... not really.. and you'll see why in a second.
[but now from our sponsor RAID Shadow Le... nah I'm kidding]
You see... it all goes back to the guy making the interview. His name is Brian Rose. He is the CEO and Founder of London Real, Dollar Store Joe Rogan (personal opinion based on intreviewing skill), and not many people know this, but he is what's called a "financial guru", basically a guy that, if you pay him a lot of money, will tell you how he made a lot of money by telling people how to make a lot of money (he's in the same boat as Dan Peña, Dan Lok, Tai Lopez etc (you get me). He has a course called the Business Accelerator which costs $2500 and upon researching former students and reviews, it seems all the positive ones are from websites where anyone can submit articles. Then there's the army of people (a lot of them right here on Reddit) who got scammed out of their money, were promised a LIVE Session which was actually a pre-recorded session, requested refunds which they never got and described the contents of the course as "below mediocre". (classic financial guru... the only one making money is the teacher). Also the courses were advertised as 96% completion but had a completion in the mid 40s (from one of the former students). Also, he was involved in some bitcoin scams and is basically banned from almost everwhere on the internet. While trying to find his net worth I found that he might be making about 200-300k a month with his courses (not too hard to imagine that basically the course has 60-70 people and it costs 2.5k).
Now, back to Coronavirus. When the videos got deleted Mr. Rose went on the social media platforms where he wasn't banned yet and yelled: THEY ARE TAKING YOUR FREEDOM. I CAN GIVE YOU FREEDOM: the DIGITAL FREEDOM PLATFORM.
AND EVERYONE FELL FOR IT.
Basically, what he's selling now is a video platform where the videos won't be deleted, and he's asking for donations (of course he is). What astonished me is that he managed to raise about 1 MILLION DOLLARS, which is "to get he platform up and running, get banned guests back on air, and TAKE YOUTUBE TO EU COURT" (you have to be an idiot to fall for that one - sorry - he basically violated the ToS, YouTube has its a$$ covered). Now the problem is the money he says he needs is astronomical. But he technically has lots of money, why does he need YOUR MONEY? (he is a financial guru after all).
I searched the cost of running a Netflix-like website (between 10k and 50k a month) - and he claims his platform has 600 long format videos (nowhere near comparing it to a streaming platform such as Netflix). You, you the one angry that the government was manipulating you just got manipulated into making this 1 million dollars. (there's no way in hell he would win a court of law against YouTube's Terms of Service that he agreed on when making the account). Not only that, Reddit is FULL with people complaining that they tried donating small amounts and then got charged hudreds of dollars, and nobody seemingly operating a refund policy (unless they did chargebacks but that's the long way around it).
You basically paid for a streaming platform where people can say what they want without any quality control. Some might be good interviews, others complete garbage, Unless you RESEARCH for yourself, you will never know. You want freedom of speech? Get ready for a lot of truckload of garbage.
.
.
AND WE ALL FELL FOR IT.

Epilogue: TL/DR:
Brian Rose (fake financial guru and dollar store Joe Rogan) gets the wackiest coronavirus guest he can (david icke) and gets banned off youtube (he knew it would happen) and other platforms, makes himself the victim and offers the solution: for people to help him build a free-thinking video platform (while seriously inflating the costs) even though he can more than afford it so he raises (at the time of me making this article) 1 MILLION DOLLARS.
If this isn't a story worth $997 in a limited seat (everyone gets in don't worry) online LIVE webinar, I don't know what is.
*EDIT: the whole "platform" is a weekly newsletter where you get a new video every week.
*EDIT: extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence. If you claim something the burden of proof is on you to prove it.
Regards,
Ovi.
submitted by ovivalentino to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Feelings toward *new* Smart Contracts

TLDR; IOTA has the best chance among other crypto projects to massively disrupt tech
Ok, so I'm certainly not the oldest person in Crypto but I've been perusing and poking different crypto projects for at least 4 years now and I've coalesced around IOTA and developed an aversion to general "Crypto".
Around 3 years ago we saw the rise of Ethereum. This was a glorious moment for Crypto. Yes the value of crypto skyrocketed but the truth; which some still don't see, is this was the first real chance for Crypto to have a mainstream place in daily tech. Ethereum's smart contracts were honestly the only reasonable application Crypto could provide the general populace and it had massive disruptive potential. I will not waste time discussing stores of value of BTC or anonymous txns because the truth is the application for these just hasn't taken hold. With Ethereum's success Crypto in general jumped which was the first time I came to understand the propaganda around Crypto and how those pushing projects like BTC were either misinformed or cared very little about the tech and are only in it for profit. Naive me... This glorious moment saw the creation of numerous smart contract projects including the most successful smart contract application CryptoKitties bringing with it the inevitable collapse of Ethereum. I should have seen this coming. I understood the tech but I was just too excited to think reasonably. CryptoKitties shut down the Ethereum blockchain. We need to think about that for a bit. Basically, the Ethereum platform could not support it's core competency (Smart Contracts) and there it was. Read from the threads what you want but no project that I could see other than Ethereum had a chance at anything reasonable in Crypto and even that shit the bed. We were willing to accept a non-scaling, fee fluctuating piece of garbage just for Smart Contracts. After this I was not interested in any Crypto project that didn't have a fundamentally different platform from Blockchain which could solve the infamous trilemma problem.

As an aside there were a few projects outside of IOTA I had my eye on. Maidsafe, Opacity (formerly Oyster), nano. Looking back on that small list I realize how limited my view of Crypto was as well as how little anyone can really ever know about these projects. Maidsafe is older than Bitcoin and is still trying to boil the ocean... it doesn't seem to be working. Oyster was a massive scandal by its founder and is now not even decentralized go figure. Nano is a one trick pony and is not a platform anyone can reasonably develop on.

IOTA was the obvious pivot for me and many others in Crypto who cared about application and wanted to find a project in the Crypto space with true potential. As the dust settled after the Crypto flop of 2017 IOTA surfaced as the only promising project. This was still hard to see though. So many of us had been bamboozled by Crypto projects. Distinguishing IOTA as not a "scam" was harder than people might expect and oh boy was there FUD. Any chance someone would get to sling mud at IOTA they would. It still blows my mind when I think about it. It seemed like more people wanted IOTA to fail than they wanted Bitcoin to succeed. No one wanted to consider that traditional blockchain was dead; they still don't. Let me be clear, traditional blockchain is dead... its dead tech. Stop trying to patch it, don't introduce another bip stop giving a shit about it. Block chain does not scale, Ethereum will not work either. I'm sorry it won't. If it does it will be after they've completely abandoned blocks in the traditional sense and explain to me how that's possible while continuing to run a blockchain. They are putting effort into trying to solve a problem that they could just avoid by starting over on a different platform. Expect Vitalik to leave the project before this happens. He knows more than anyone that Blockchain is dead. He would hate to admit it but nothing he ever touches can catch IOTA. I am not the 2017 ignorant Crypto enthusiast anymore, I am the tempered realist and Ethereum's future doesn't exist. We should let it die like we should let Bitcoin die. This might be hard to accept but get over it. Put your feelings aside and move on.

The Irony of the FUD against IOTA is that no one copied the tech and it has no direct competitors only apparitions of the past that haunt us on Reddit. Moaning things like "Dooon't rolll your owwwn cryptoooo", We don't see IOTA lite or IOTA cash or IOTA gold so maybe we should thank the haters? On second thought fuck em'. I could create a post nearly twice as long as this talking about IOTA FUD. The point to be made here is that during the last few years it would have been so difficult for any Crypto enthusiast to embrace IOTA with all the bad press. In addition, up until 2018 IOTA was the best Crypto platform to support a future tech which wasn't here yet.

So, here I was, excited about IOTA but not really excited about IOT in general. I didn't "get" it. Yes I understand it but it wasn't solving a problem we have now. We already have a solution that we have yet to fully implement and that's smart contracts. Right now software companies can act as middlemen and reap profits with no overhead. Why do we need an AirBnB, Uber, eBay? Smart Contracts guts these worthless entities and gives the wealth back to the individuals making the transactions. Vitalik got the problem right but proposed the wrong solution.

So, Q2 2018 comes along and with it Qubic. The only thing I cared about was that IOTA was getting smart contracts. I didn't care about the hardware. I didn't care about Jinn or trinary or whatever. I wanted Smart Contracts on the tangle. Here they were!.. kind of. As I dug deeper which was absolutely required since this was not at all trivial I realized that we needed hardware and oracles to implement these smart contracts. I just assumed that due to IOTA's platform this was a necessity because lord knows if they could make smart contracts without having to create trinary chips and oracles they would have tried that first...

In a way my ignorance and faith saved me. I don't know how happy I would have been if I had known they could create smart contracts without all these other steps first. I would have gotten impatient. So I had mixed feelings when I heard about CFB's shenanigans and that IOTA was going to attempt a more traditional Smart Contract implementation. I am more pumped than ever but more disappointed than ever. Why the hell would they not have canned this douche earlier? Do they not understand what they are sitting on? Why are they squandering their time solving a problem (IOT) that doesn't exist yet without prioritizing the next real solution (smart contracts). There are probably many things I don't understand here but I do understand one thing. DO NOT FOLLOW PEOPLE. Satoshi is not your savior, Vitalik is not your savior, CFB, Sonstebo, Dominik, Popov will all fail you at some point. The project is the real foundation. It is the thing that doesn't get corrupted. It is the things these individuals coalesce around. They know deep down what they have and they won't give it up. So the lesson is don't measure the individual, measure the product.

Aight, so I've basically laid out the punch line for you. IOTA; the best platform in crypto existence, that's solved the trilemma (with coordicide) will also be implementing Smart Contracts. This isn't an exaggeration. It is the next step for Crypto. Either this works and the Crypto community can slough off its past delusions and look forward or it doesn't work and we continue to wait. Hopefully, we get it right this time.
submitted by 3dworldrunner to Iota [link] [comments]

Default English word list

Alright so, I took the default database from there https://skribbliohints.github.io/ and with the help of html, I extracted the words to a list separated by commas. It's useful when you want to translate those words into your native language.
Word of advice, when using google translate, do not put all words at once there, it can rapidly worsen the translation.
(And there is a last thing. Their algorithm of picking only custom words is not working really good, at least for me. Meaning that I often get duplicates, despite having a list this big and without duplicates. I'm still trying to find some solution to this, so if somebody is experiencing this as well, share the knowledge please, I will do the same.)
SOLUTION: Thanks for the reply from PepegaWR who identified the cause. I also tested it and there seems to be a custom words limit of 5000 characters. The easiest way in my opinion is to shuffle the words before each session to minimize the impact. Also thanks to the flynger who had the same idea before me :)
Finally, here it is, enjoy the scribbling ^^ :

ABBA, AC/DC, Abraham Lincoln, Adidas, Africa, Aladdin, America, Amsterdam, Android, Angelina Jolie, Angry Birds, Antarctica, Anubis, Apple, Argentina, Asia, Asterix, Atlantis, Audi, Australia, BMW, BMX, Bambi, Band-Aid, Barack Obama, Bart Simpson, Batman, Beethoven, Bible, Big Ben, Bill Gates, Bitcoin, Black Friday, Bomberman, Brazil, Bruce Lee, Bugs Bunny, Canada, Capricorn, Captain America, Cat Woman, Cerberus, Charlie Chaplin, Chewbacca, China, Chinatown, Christmas, Chrome, Chuck Norris, Colosseum, Cookie Monster, Crash Bandicoot, Creeper, Croatia, Cuba, Cupid, DNA, Daffy Duck, Darwin, Darwin Watterson, Deadpool, Dexter, Discord, Donald Duck, Donald Trump, Dora, Doritos, Dracula, Dumbo, Earth, Easter, Easter Bunny, Egypt, Eiffel tower, Einstein, Elmo, Elon Musk, Elsa, Eminem, England, Europe, Excalibur, Facebook, Family Guy, Fanta, Ferrari, Finn, Finn and Jake, Flash, Florida, France, Frankenstein, Fred Flintstone, Gandalf, Gandhi, Garfield, Germany, God, Goofy, Google, Great Wall, Greece, Green Lantern, Grinch, Gru, Gumball, Happy Meal, Harry Potter, Hawaii, Hello Kitty, Hercules, Hollywood, Home Alone, Homer Simpson, Hula Hoop, Hulk, Ikea, India, Intel, Ireland, Iron Giant, Iron Man, Israel, Italy, Jack-o-lantern, Jackie Chan, James Bond, Japan, JayZ, Jenga, Jesus Christ, Jimmy Neutron, John Cena, Johnny Bravo, KFC, Katy Perry, Kermit, Kim Jong-un, King Kong, Kirby, Kung Fu, Lady Gaga, Las Vegas, Lasagna, Lego, Leonardo DiCaprio, Leonardo da Vinci, Lion King, London, London Eye, Luigi, MTV, Madagascar, Mario, Mark Zuckerberg, Mars, McDonalds, Medusa, Mercedes, Mercury, Mexico, Michael Jackson, Mickey Mouse, Microsoft, Milky Way, Minecraft, Miniclip, Minion, Minotaur, Mona Lisa, Monday, Monster, Mont Blanc, Morgan Freeman, Morse code, Morty, Mount Everest, Mount Rushmore, Mozart, Mr. Bean, Mr. Meeseeks, Mr Bean, Mr Meeseeks, Mummy, NASCAR, Nasa, Nemo, Neptune, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nike, Nintendo Switch, North Korea, Northern Lights, Norway, Notch, Nutella, Obelix, Olaf, Oreo, Pac-Man, Paris, Patrick, Paypal, Peppa Pig, Pepsi, Phineas and Ferb, Photoshop, Picasso, Pikachu, Pink Panther, Pinocchio, Playstation, Pluto, Pokemon, Popeye, Popsicle, Porky Pig, Portugal, Poseidon, Pringles, Pumba, Reddit, Rick, Robbie Rotten, Robin Hood, Romania, Rome, Russia, Samsung, Santa, Saturn, Scooby Doo, Scotland, Segway, Sherlock Holmes, Shrek, Singapore, Skittles, Skrillex, Skype, Slinky, Solar System, Sonic, Spain, Spartacus, Spiderman, SpongeBob, Squidward, Star Wars, Statue of Liberty, Steam, Stegosaurus, Steve Jobs, Stone Age, Sudoku, Suez Canal, Superman, Susan Wojcicki, Sydney Opera House, T-rex, Tails, Tarzan, Teletubby, Terminator, Tetris, The Beatles, Thor, Titanic, Tooth Fairy, Tower Bridge, Tower of Pisa, Tweety, Twitter, UFO, USB, Uranus, Usain Bolt, Vatican, Vault boy, Velociraptor, Venus, Vin Diesel, W-LAN, Wall-e, WhatsApp, William Shakespeare, William Wallace, Winnie the Pooh, Wolverine, Wonder Woman, Xbox, Xerox, Yin and Yang, Yoda, Yoshi, Youtube, Zelda, Zeus, Zorro, Zuma, abstract, abyss, accident, accordion, ace, acid, acne, acorn, action, actor, addiction, addition, adorable, adult, advertisement, afro, afterlife, air conditioner, airbag, aircraft, airplane, airport, alarm, albatross, alcohol, alien, allergy, alley, alligator, almond, alpaca, ambulance, anaconda, anchor, angel, anglerfish, angry, animation, anime, ant, anteater, antelope, antenna, anthill, antivirus, anvil, apartment, apocalypse, applause, apple, apple pie, apple seed, apricot, aquarium, arch, archaeologist, archer, architect, aristocrat, arm, armadillo, armor, armpit, arrow, ash, assassin, assault, asteroid, astronaut, asymmetry, athlete, atom, attic, audience, autograph, avocado, axe, baboon, baby, back pain, backbone, backflip, backpack, bacon, bad, badger, bag, bagel, bagpipes, baguette, bait, bakery, baklava, balance, balcony, bald, ball, ballerina, ballet, balloon, bamboo, banana, bandage, bandana, banjo, bank, banker, bar, barbarian, barbecue, barbed wire, barber, barcode, bark, barn, barrel, bartender, base, basement, basket, basketball, bat, bathroom, bathtub, battery, battle, battleship, bayonet, bazooka, beach, beak, bean, bean bag, beanie, beanstalk, bear, bear trap, beatbox, beaver, bed, bed bug, bed sheet, bedtime, bee, beef, beer, beet, beetle, bell, bell pepper, bellow, belly, belly button, below, belt, bench, betray, bicycle, bill, billiards, bingo, binoculars, biology, birch, bird, bird bath, birthday, biscuit, bite, black, black hole, blackberry, blacksmith, blanket, bleach, blender, blimp, blind, blindfold, blizzard, blood, blowfish, blue, blueberry, blush, boar, board, boat, bobsled, bodyguard, boil, bomb, booger, book, bookmark, bookshelf, boomerang, boots, border, bottle, bottle flip, bounce, bouncer, bow, bowl, bowling, box, boy, bracelet, braces, brain, brainwash, branch, brand, bread, breakfast, breath, brick, bricklayer, bride, bridge, broadcast, broccoli, broken heart, bronze, broom, broomstick, brownie, bruise, brunette, brush, bubble, bubble gum, bucket, building, bulge, bull, bulldozer, bullet, bumper, bungee jumping, bunk bed, bunny, burglar, burp, burrito, bus, bus driver, bus stop, butcher, butler, butt cheeks, butter, butterfly, button, cab driver, cabin, cabinet, cactus, cage, cake, calendar, camel, camera, campfire, camping, can, can opener, canary, candle, canister, cannon, canyon, cap, cape, cappuccino, captain, car wash, cardboard, carnival, carnivore, carpenter, carpet, carrot, cartoon, cash, casino, cast, cat, catalog, catapult, caterpillar, catfish, cathedral, cauldron, cauliflower, cave, caveman, caviar, ceiling, ceiling fan, celebrate, celebrity, cell, cell phone, cello, cement, centaur, centipede, chain, chainsaw, chair, chalk, chameleon, champagne, champion, chandelier, charger, cheek, cheeks, cheerleader, cheese, cheeseburger, cheesecake, cheetah, chef, chemical, cherry, cherry blossom, chess, chest, chest hair, chestnut, chestplate, chew, chicken, chihuahua, child, chime, chimney, chimpanzee, chin, chinchilla, chocolate, chopsticks, church, cicada cigarette, cinema, circle, circus, clap, clarinet, classroom, claw, clay, clean, clickbait, cliff, climb, cloak, clock, cloth, clothes hanger, cloud, clover, clown, clownfish, coach, coal, coast, coast guard, coaster, coat, cobra, cockroach, cocktail, coconut, cocoon, coffee, coffee shop, coffin, coin, cola, cold, collapse, collar, color-blind, comb, comedian, comedy, comet, comfortable, comic book, commander, commercial, communism, community, compass, complete, computer, concert, condiment, cone, confused, console, continent, controller, conversation, cookie, cookie jar, copper, copy, coral, coral reef, cord, cork, corkscrew, corn, corn dog, corner, cornfield, corpse, cotton, cotton candy, country, cousin, cow, cowbell, cowboy, coyote, crab, crack, crate, crawl space, crayon, cream, credit, credit card, cricket, cringe, crocodile, croissant, crossbow, crow, crowbar, crucible, cruise, crust, crystal, cube, cuckoo, cucumber, cup, cupboard, cupcake, curry, curtain, cushion, customer, cut, cute, cyborg, cylinder, cymbal, dagger, daisy, dalmatian, dance, dandelion, dandruff, darts, dashboard, daughter, day, dead, deaf, deep, deer, defense, delivery, demon, demonstration, dent, dentist, deodorant, depressed, derp, desert, desk, desperate, dessert, detective, detonate, dew, diagonal, diagram, diamond, diaper, dice, dictionary, die, diet, dig, dinner, dinosaur, diploma, dirty, disaster, disease, dishrag, dispenser, display, diss track, distance, diva, divorce, dizzy, dock, doctor, dog, doghouse, doll, dollar, dollhouse, dolphin, dome, dominoes, donkey, door, doorknob, dots, double, dough, download, dragon, dragonfly, drain, drama, drawer, dream, dress, drink, drip, drive, driver, drool, droplet, drought, drum, drum kit, duck, duct tape, duel, dwarf, dynamite, eagle, ear, earbuds, earthquake, earwax, east, eat, echo, eclipse, eel, egg, eggplant, elbow, elder, election, electric car, electric guitar, electrician, electricity, elephant, elevator, embers, emerald, emoji, employer, emu, end, engine, engineer, equator, eraser, error, eskimo, espresso, evaporate, evening, evolution, exam, excavator, exercise, explosion, eye, eyebrow, eyelash, eye shadow, fabric, fabulous, facade, face, face paint, factory, failure, fairy, fake teeth, fall, family, farm, farmer, fashion designer, fast, fast food, fast forward, father, faucet, feather, fence, fencing, fern, festival, fidget spinner, field, figurine, filmmaker, filter, finger, fingernail, fingertip, fire alarm, fire hydrant, fire truck, fireball, firecracker, firefighter, firefly, firehouse, fireman, fireplace, fireproof, fireside, firework, fish, fish bowl, fisherman, fist fight, fitness trainer, fizz, flag, flagpole, flamethrower, flamingo, flashlight, flask, flea, flight attendant, flock, floodlight, floppy disk, florist, flower, flu, fluid, flush, flute, fly, fly swatter, flying pig, fog, foil, folder, food, forehead, forest, forest fire, fork, fort, fortress, fortune, fossil, fountain, fox, frame, freckles, freezer, fridge, fries, frog, frostbite, frosting, frown, fruit, full, full moon, funeral, funny, fur, furniture, galaxy, gang, gangster, garage, garbage, garden, gardener, garlic, gas, gas mask, gasoline, gasp, gate, gem, gender, generator, genie, gentle, gentleman, geography, germ, geyser, ghost, giant, gift, giraffe, girl, gladiator, glass, glasses, glitter, globe, gloss, glove, glow, glowstick, glue, glue stick, gnome, goal, goat, goatee, goblin, godfather, gold, gold chain, golden apple, golden egg, goldfish, golf, golf cart, good, goose, gorilla, graduation, graffiti, grandmother, grapefruit, grapes, graph, grass, grasshopper, grave, gravedigger, gravel, graveyard, gravity, greed, grenade, grid, grill, grin, groom, grumpy, guillotine, guinea pig, guitar, gumball, gummy, gummy bear, gummy worm, hacker, hair, hair roller, hairbrush, haircut, hairspray, hairy, half, halo, ham, hamburger, hammer, hammock, hamster, hand, handicap, handle, handshake, hanger, happy, harbor, hard, hard hat, harmonica, harp, harpoon, hashtag, hat, hazard, hazelnut, head, headache, headband, headboard, heading, headphones, health, heart, heat, hedgehog, heel, heist, helicopter, hell, helmet, hen, hermit, hero, hexagon, hibernate, hieroglyph, high five, high heels, high score, highway, hilarious, hill, hip hop, hippie, hippo, hitchhiker, hive, hobbit, hockey, holiday, homeless, honey, honeycomb, hoof, hook, hop, hopscotch, horizon, horn, horse, horsewhip, hose, hospital, hot, hot chocolate, hot dog, hot sauce, hotel, hourglass, house, hovercraft, hug, hummingbird, hunger, hunter, hurdle, hurt, husband, hut, hyena, hypnotize, iPad, iPhone, ice, ice cream, ice cream truck, iceberg, icicle, idea, imagination, impact, incognito, industry, infinite, injection, insect, inside, insomnia, internet, intersection, interview, invasion, invention, invisible, iron, island, ivy, jacket, jackhammer, jaguar, jail, jalapeno, janitor, jaw, jazz, jeans, jeep, jello, jelly, jellyfish, jester, jet ski, joker, journalist, journey, judge, juggle, juice, jump rope, jungle, junk food, kangaroo, karaoke, karate, katana, kazoo, kebab, keg, kendama, ketchup, kettle, key, keyboard, kidney, kindergarten, king, kiss, kitchen, kite, kitten, kiwi, knee, kneel, knife, knight, knot, knuckle, koala, kraken, label, laboratory, ladder, lady, ladybug, lake, lamb, lamp, landlord, landscape, lane, language, lantern, lap, laptop, laser, lasso, laundry, lava, lava lamp, lawn mower, lawyer, leader, leaf, leak, leash, leather, leave, leech, legs, lemon, lemonade, lemur, lens, leprechaun, lettuce, levitate, librarian, library, licorice, lid, light bulb, lighter, lighthouse, lightning, lightsaber, lily, lilypad, limbo, lime, limousine, line, link, lion, lips, lipstick, litter box, lizard, llama, loading, loaf, lobster, lock, log, logo, lollipop, loot, loser, lotion, lottery, lounge, love, low, luck, luggage, lumberjack, lung, lynx, lyrics, macaroni, machine, macho, mafia, magazine, magic, magic trick, magic wand, magician, magma, magnet, magnifier, maid, mailbox, mailman, makeup, mall, mammoth, manatee, manhole, manicure, mannequin, mansion, mantis, map, maracas, marathon, marble, margarine, marigold, market, marmalade, marmot, marshmallow, mascot, mask, massage, match, matchbox, mattress, mayonnaise, mayor, maze, meal, meat, meatball, meatloaf, mechanic, meerkat, megaphone, melon, melt, meme, mermaid, message, messy, metal, meteorite, microphone, microscope, microwave, midnight, military, milk, milkman, milkshake, mime, miner, minigolf, minivan, mint, minute, mirror, missile, model, mohawk, mold, mole, money, monk, monkey, monster, moon, moose, mop, morning, mosquito, moss, moth, mothball, mother, motherboard, motorbike, motorcycle, mountain, mouse, mousetrap, mouth, movie, mud, muffin, mug, murderer, muscle, museum, mushroom, musket, mustache, mustard, nachos, nail, nail file, nail polish, napkin, narwhal, nature, navy, neck, needle, neighbor, neighborhood, nerd, nest, network, newspaper, nickel, night, nightclub, nightmare, ninja, noob, noodle, north, nose, nose hair, nose ring, nosebleed, nostrils, notebook, notepad, nothing, notification, novel, nugget, nuke, nun, nurse, nut, nutcracker, nutmeg, nutshell, oar, observatory, ocean, octagon, octopus, office, oil, old, omelet, onion, open, opera, orange, orangutan, orbit, orca, orchestra, orchid, organ, origami, ostrich, otter, outside, oval, overweight, owl, oxygen, oyster, paddle, page, pain, paint, paintball, pajamas, palace, palette, palm, palm tree, pan, pancake, panda, panpipes, panther, pants, papaya, paper, paper bag, parachute, parade, parakeet, parents, park, parking, parrot, party, password, pasta, pastry, path, patient, patio, patriot, pause, pavement, paw, peace, peach, peacock, peanut, pear, peas, peasant, pedal, pelican, pencil, pencil case, pencil sharpener, pendulum, penguin, peninsula, penny, pensioner, pepper, pepperoni, perfume, periscope, person, pet food, pet shop, petal, pharmacist, photo frame, photograph, photographer, piano, pickaxe, pickle, picnic, pie, pig, pigeon, piggy bank, pigsty, pike, pill, pillar, pillow, pillow fight, pilot, pimple, pin, pinball, pine, pine cone, pineapple, pink, pinky, pinwheel, pipe, pirate, pirate ship, pistachio, pistol, pitchfork, pizza, plague, planet, plank, plate, platypus, player, playground, plow, plug, plumber, plunger, pocket, pogo stick, point, poison, poisonous, poke, polar bear, policeman, pollution, polo, pond, pony, ponytail, poodle, poop, poor, popcorn, pope, poppy, popular, porch, porcupine, portal, portrait, positive, postcard, poster, pot, pot of gold, potato, potion, pound, powder, prawn, pray, preach, pregnant, present, president, pretzel, price tag, priest, prince, princess, printer, prism, prison, pro, procrastination, professor, programmer, promotion, protest, provoke, prune, pub, pudding, puddle, puffin, puma, pumpkin, punishment, punk, puppet, purity, purse, puzzle, pyramid, quarter, queen, queue, quicksand, quill, quilt, quokka, raccoon, race, racecar, radar, radiation, radio, radish, raft, rail, rain, rainbow, raincoat, raindrop, rainforest, raisin, rake, ram, ramp, rapper, raspberry, rat, ravioli, razor, razorblade, read, reality, reception, receptionist, record, rectangle, recycling, red, red carpet, reeds, referee, reflection, reindeer, relationship, religion, remote, repeat, reptile, rest, restaurant, retail, revolver, rewind, rhinoceros, rib, ribbon, rice, ring, ringtone, risk, river, roadblock, robber, robin, robot, rock, rocket, rockstar, roll, roof, room, rooster, root, rose, royal, rubber, ruby, rug, ruler, run, rune, sad, saddle, safari, safe, sailboat, salad, sale, saliva, salmon, salt, saltwater, sand, sand castle, sandbox, sandstorm, sandwich, satellite, sauce, sauna, sausage, saxophone, scar, scarecrow, scarf, scary, scent, school, science, scientist, scissors, scoop, score, scream, screen, screw, scribble, scuba, sculpture, scythe, sea, sea lion, seafood, seagull, seahorse, seal, search, seashell, seasick, season, seat belt, seaweed, second, security, seed, seesaw, semicircle, sensei, server, sew, sewing machine, shadow, shake, shallow, shampoo, shape, shark, shaving cream, sheep, shelf, shell, shipwreck, shirt, shock, shoe, shoebox, shoelace, shop, shopping, shopping cart, short, shotgun, shoulder, shout, shovel, shower, shrew, shrub, shy, sick, signature, silence, silo, silver, silverware, sing, sink, sit, six pack, skateboard, skateboarder, skates, skeleton, ski, ski jump, skin, skinny, skribbl.io, skull, skunk, sky, skydiving, skyline, skyscraper, slam, sledge, sledgehammer, sleep, sleeve, slide, slime, slingshot, slippery, slope, sloth, slow, slump, smell, smile, smoke, snail, snake, sneeze, sniper, snow, snowball, snowball fight, snowboard, snowflake, snowman, soap, soccer, social media, socket, socks, soda, soil, soldier, sombrero, son, sound, soup, south, space, space suit, spaceship, spade, spaghetti, spark, sparkles, spatula, speaker, spear, spelunker, sphinx, spider, spin, spinach, spine, spiral, spit, spoiler, sponge, spool, spoon, spore, sports, spray paint, spring, sprinkler, spy, square, squid, squirrel, stab, stadium, stage, stamp, stand, stapler, star, starfish, starfruit, statue, steam, step, stereo, sting, stingray, stomach, stone, stoned, stop sign, stork, storm, stove, straw, strawberry, streamer, street, stress, strong, student, studio, study, stylus, submarine, subway, sugar, suitcase, summer, sun, sunburn, sunflower, sunglasses, sunrise, sunshade, supermarket, superpower, surface, surfboard, surgeon, survivor, sushi, swag, swamp, swan, swarm, sweat, sweater, swimming pool, swimsuit, swing, switch, sword, swordfish, symphony, table, table tennis, tablecloth, tablet, tabletop, taco, tadpole, tail, tailor, take off, talent show, tampon, tangerine, tank, tape, tarantula, target, taser, tattoo, taxi, taxi driver, tea, teacher, teapot, tear, teaspoon, teddy bear, telephone, telescope, television, temperature, tennis, tennis racket, tent, tentacle, text, thermometer, thief, thin, think, thirst, throat, throne, thug, thumb, thunder, thunderstorm, ticket, tickle, tie, tiger, time machine, timpani, tiny, tip, tiramisu, tire, tired, tissue, tissue box, toad, toast, toaster, toe, toenail, toilet, tomato, tomb, tombstone, tongue, toolbox, tooth, toothbrush, toothpaste, toothpick, top hat, torch, tornado, torpedo, tortoise, totem, toucan, touch, tourist, tow truck, towel, tower, toy, tractor, traffic, traffic light, trailer, train, translate, trap, trapdoor, trash can, traveler, treadmill, treasure, tree, treehouse, trend, triangle, trick shot, tricycle, trigger, triplets, tripod, trombone, trophy, tropical, truck, truck driver, trumpet, tuba, tug, tumor, tuna, tunnel, turd, turkey, turnip, turtle, tuxedo, twig, type, udder, ukulele, umbrella, uncle, underground, underweight, undo, unibrow, unicorn, unicycle, uniform, universe, upgrade, vacation, vaccine, vacuum, valley, vampire, vanilla, vanish, vault, vegetable, vegetarian, vein, vent, vertical, veterinarian, victim, victory, video, video game, village, villain, vine, vinegar, viola, violence, violin, virtual reality, virus, vise, vision, vitamin, vlogger, vodka, volcano, volleyball, volume, vomit, voodoo, vortex, vote, vulture, vuvuzela, waffle, waist, waiter, wake up, walk, wall, wallpaper, walnut, walrus, warehouse, warm, wart, wasp, watch, water, water cycle, water gun, waterfall, wave, wax, weak, wealth, weapon, weasel, weather, web, website, wedding, welder, well, werewolf, west, western, whale, wheel, wheelbarrow, whisk, whisper, whistle, white, wife, wig, wiggle, willow, wind, windmill, window, windshield, wine, wine glass, wing, wingnut, winner, winter, wire, wireless, witch, witness, wizard, wolf, wonderland, woodpecker, wool, work, workplace, world, worm, wound, wrapping, wreath, wrench, wrestler, wrestling, wrinkle, wrist, writer, x-ray, xylophone, yacht, yardstick, yawn, yearbook, yellow, yeti, yo-yo, yogurt, yolk, young, youtuber, zebra, zeppelin, zigzag, zipline, zipper, zombie, zoo, zoom,
submitted by StaroSVK to skribbl [link] [comments]

Was Bored One Day Made a list of everything you need for bitcoin level 1. (Full list at the bottom, sorry if the layout is bad)

Bitcoin farm
10 CPU Fan
5 Power supply unit
5 Powercord
1 Electric drill
Int. Center lvl 2

Int. Center
Lvl 1
1 Folder with intelligence
Level 2 Security
Level 2 Vents
Lvl 2
3 Folder with intelligence
3 Secure Flash drive
4 Powercord
4 Damaged hard drive
Level 3 Security
Level 3 Medstation
Level 3 Nutrition Unit
Mechanic LL2
Level 3 Attention (skill)

Security
Lvl 1
20,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
45,000 Roubles
Level 2 Endurance (skill)
Lvl 3
2 Working LCD
4 Wires
8 NIXXOR lens
1 SSD drive
Level 3 Illumination
Mechanic LL2

Vents
Lvl 1
25,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
Electric motor
1 Car battery

Med Station
Lvl 1
25,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
50,000 Roubles
1 Medical bloodset
3 Saline solution
Therapist LL2
Level 2 Health (Skill)
Lvl 3
150,000 Roubles
5 Saline solution
1 LEDX Skin Transilluminator
Therapist LL3
Skier LL2
Vitality Level 3 (Skill)

Nutrition Unit
Lvl 1
25,000 Roubles
2 Phase control relay
Level 1 Generator
Lvl 2
4 Wrench
2 Corrugated hose
2 Heat-exchange alkali surface washer
1 Phase control relay
Level 2 Lavatory
Lvl 3
125,000 Roubles
3 Coffee Majaica
3 Sodium bicarbonate
Level 2 Generator
Level 3 Lavatory
Level 2 Stash
Level 3 Metabolism (Skill)

Illumination
Lvl 1
10,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
14 Light bulb
5 Wires
Level 1 Generator
Lvl 3
50,000 Roubles
7 Capacitors
Level 2 Generator
Mechanic LL2

Generator
Lvl 1
100,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
5 Phase control relays
1 Electric motor
15 Wires
Level 2 Security
Level 2 Vents

Lavatory
Lvl 1
2,000 Roubles
Lvl 2
3 Corrugated hoses
5 A pack of screws
1 Electric drill
Level 1 Water Collector
Lvl 3
6 Corrugated hoses
2 Pressure gauges
1 A set of tools
3 Xenomorph sealing foam
Level 2 Water Collector

Stash
Lvl 2
3,500,000 Roubles
1 Hand drill
7 A pack of screws
4 WD-40 100ml

Water collector
Lvl 1
4 Corrugated hose
5 Bolts
5 Screw nut
3 Duct tape
Lvl 2
6 Corrugated hose
2 Electric motor
2 A set of tools
Level 2 Workbench
Jaeger LL2
Level 3 Attention (Skill)

Workbench
Lvl 1
2 Screw nuts
2 Bolts
1 Leatherman Multitool
Lvl 2
A set of tools
2 Electric drill
6 Bolts
Level 2 Illumination
Mechanic LL2


Total
4,127,000 Roubles
Skills
Level 3 Attention
Level 2 Endurance
Vitality Level 3
Level 3 Metabolism

Reputation
Mechanic LL2
Therapist LL3
Skier LL2
Jaeger LL2
submitted by matt010234 to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

Our first generation hardware wallets were made of military-grade aerospace aluminum. We’ve stripped all that down to just focus on air-gapping your private keys.

Our first generation hardware wallets were made of military-grade aerospace aluminum. We’ve stripped all that down to just focus on air-gapping your private keys.

https://preview.redd.it/0rogeunfujv41.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=8a2cf5eff6f30a36fd7e86e16331eb40b4072627
Hey bitcoin! I'm Lixin, longtime bitcoiner and creator of Cobo Vault.
I come from a background in the electronic hardware industry, and experienced one of my products being featured in Apple Stores around the world. Back in 2018 Cobo CEO Discus Fish, who also co-founded F2Pool, invited me to help build Cobo’s hardware product line. As we had strong ties to miners in China, we naturally designed the 1st gen with them in mind. In China, mining farms are nearly always built in very isolated places where there is very cheap wind or water electricity. When we built our 1st generation Cobo Vault hardware wallet, we needed to maximize the durability of the device in addition to its security. We used aerospace aluminum rather than plastic and made it completely IP68 waterproof, IK9 drop resistant, and military standard MIL-STD-810G durable for the mining industry.
Things changed last year when I went to Bitcoin 2019 and talked to lots of hodlers in the States. I found that 95% of them don’t care about durability. I asked them if they were afraid of their home being flooded or burned down in a fire. The answer is - yes, they are afraid of these things, but see them as very low possibilities. Even if something were to happen, they said they would just buy another HW wallet for 100 dollars. From these conversations, it became more and more clear we should design a product around a normal hodler’s needs.
Our 2nd gen product compromises on durability but doesn’t compromise on security.
Most hodlers share some needs with miners:
  1. Hodlers want a more air-gapped solution so we kept QR code data transmission between your hardware wallet and the companion app which is also auditable.
  2. A Secure Element is the strongest wall of protection from physical attacks. We are the first hardware wallet - also maybe the first electronic product with SE - to have open source SE firmware.
  3. A battery can be a significant weak point. The 2nd gen continues the legacy of detachable batteries to prevent corrosion damage and will also support AAA batteries in case your battery dies someday.
  4. The 2nd gen also keeps the 4-inch touchscreen so you don’t need to suffer from tiny buttons and little screens anymore. Human error is one of the biggest reasons people lose their assets.
  5. We kept other features like the self-destruct mechanism and Web Authentication, which prevent side-channel and supply chain attacks.
If you'd like to read more about these features, check out our blog posts.
Aside from the legacy of the 1st gen, our 2nd gen product will have:
  1. Open source hardware wallet application layer and Secure Element firmware code. With the open source firmware code, you can see: random number generation, master private key generation, key derivation, and the signing process all happen within the SE and your private keys never leave.
  2. At the Bitcoin 2019 conference half the hodlers I met told me they own multiple hardware wallets which they use on the go. We added a fingerprint sensor you can use to authorize transactions without typing in your password. No need to worry about surveillance cameras when using your hardware wallet in airports.
  3. We will also support PSBT (BIP174) to be compatible with third-party wallets like Electrum or Wasabi Wallet in case people have need of using Cobo Vault with their own node or coinjoin. Multisig between Cobo Vault and other wallets will be realized to prevent single point failure with any brand of hardware wallet.
  4. By sacrificing the durability, we successfully controlled the price under 100 USD for the basic version.
  5. BTC-only firmware version for people who want to minimize the codebase for less of an attack surface.
We truly appreciate the support from the community and are giving away free metal storage Cobo Tablets with every purchase of our 2nd gen for a week! Add a tablet to your cart and place your order before May 5th, 8 AM PST to claim your free metal storage. Find us on Twitter CryptoLixin and CoboVault - any suggestions or questions are welcome!
submitted by Bright_Charge to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

My Prep Story (So Far) and Rationale

I live in SE Asia and I'm still in the process of completing my preparations but I thought I'd share my progress so far, I started within a week of hearing about COVID-19, I did nothing for H1N1, SARS or MERS, something about this outbreak just seems very different to me.
Food
Number 1 for me was the ability to self isolate me and my family which means a good stock of food with a decent shelf-life. I am aiming for 3 months provisions but only have 2 at the moment.
Canned pasta sauce, pasta, tuna, sweet corn, pilchards, pineapple and lychee, rice, cooking oil, charcoal, propane, frozen fruit juices, vegetables and meat, powdered milk.
Hygiene & Protection
Next is just general hygene/cleaning but with an eye on decontamination.
Washing Powder, Bleach, Disinfectant, Soap, Shampoo, Nitrile Disposable Gloves, Rubbish Bags, Alcohol, Tissues and Toilet Paper, P95 and N95 masks (not many), Wrap Around Safety Glasses. ~~BTW. Apparently a 1% bleach solution will kill the virus on any surfaces.~~
Medical
The medical items are selected on the assumption that our local hospital will become very quickly overrun, home care or some horrific field hospital will be the only options. Having nursed a young child at deaths door through viral pneumonia before albeit in a hospital (family are encourage to help the nurses out) I felt the Oxygen and Nebulizer brought enough time for the immune system to kick in.
Full First Aid Kit, Paracetamol, Anti-fungal Cream, Ear-Eye Drops, Doxycycline, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Colloidal Silver, Garlic, Tumeric and Ginger, Saline Solution. Oxygen Concentrator with Nebuliser function, Pulse Oximeter, Cold Packs, (Get as much as you can if you use prescription meds). Hard copy of this Reddit Post.
Miscellaneous
These are items I already have/use but might be useful.
Petrol (Gas) Cans, Plastic Sheeting, Duct Tape, Generator, Torch and Batteries, Personal Defence Items, a modest amount of Cash, Bitcoin and Gold.
Most of this is just an everyday shopping list purchased in super-sized quantities and will be used eventually regardless, however, some of the medical purchases require hitting the books quite hard to learn the correct usage and dosages also when and how they can actually be harmful.
I am not rich and in fact cashflow is very tight but the strange reactions of the likes of WHO and authorities in general told me that self-reliance was the sensible option, my main focus is keeping my family safe and healthy. Spending what equates to less than USD $1,000 on preparations is far cheaper than annual medical insurance which is useless once the hospital beds are gone. If you have any ideas on what I've missed or want to share your prepping strategy please let me know in the comments.
EDIT: Add this missed link into body text. https://www.reddit.com/China_Flu/comments/f52cj0/nursing_101_caring_for_your_loved_ones_at_home/
submitted by i-Zombie to China_Flu [link] [comments]

Searchable table of all quest and hideout upgrade items 0.12.6

Taken from the official wiki. If you have any corrections let me know and I'll edit. Copiable to a spreadsheet application if you want to start crossing items out.
Lvl 10 requirement - 57124 XP
Trader Quest Type Objectives
Prapor Debut Elimination Kill 5 Scavs at Customs; Hand over 2 MP-133 pump-action shotguns
Prapor Checking PickUp Find the bronze pocket watch; (Optional) Find the key to the tank truck; Hand over the bronze pocket watch to Prapor
Prapor Shootout picnic Elimination Neutralize 15 Scavs on Woods
Prapor Delivery from the past PickUp Find a secure case in the Tarcone Director's Office at the Customs terminal; Leave the case in the Factory swing room, on 2nd floor of shop 3; Survive and exit Factory location
Prapor BP depot Discover Mark fuel tank №1 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №2 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №3 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №4 with beacon on Customs; Survive and leave the area
Prapor Bad rep evidence PickUp Find secure folder 0031 in a bunkhouse on Customs; (Optional) Gain access to the closed room in the Factory offices; (Optional) Find the bunkhouse key; Hand over secure folder 0031 to Prapor; Survive and exit Customs location
Prapor Ice cream cones PickUp Find 6 60-round mags for AK; (Optional) Find the key from the bunker in the Terragroup employee room; (Optional) Locate the right bunker in the Woods; Hand over 6 60 round mags for AK to Prapor
Prapor Postman Pat - Part 1 PickUp Find a letter on a messenger in the Factory; Survive and exit Factory location; Hand over the letter to Therapist
Prapor Shaking up teller PickUp Find something valuable in the dorm room 203; (Optional) Gain access to room 214; Hand over the item to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 1 Elimination Kill 15 Scavs at the Shoreline using AKM series weapon
Prapor The Punisher - Part 2 Elimination Kill 12 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed weapon; Find in raid 7 lower half-masks; Hand masks over to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 3 Elimination Kill 25 Scavs on Customs using AKS-74U
Prapor The Punisher - Part 4 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs in Woods using 12 gauge shotguns; Kill 10 PMCs on Shoreline while wearing a balaclava and a scav vest.; Find in raid 5 knives Bars A-2607; Handover knives to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 5 PickUp Find 3 AK-74N; Handover AK-74N rifles to Prapor; Find 3 M4A1 assault rifles; Handover M4A1 rifles to Prapor; Find 5 PM pistols; Handover pistols to Prapor; Kill 10 PMC operatives. You must be wearing a PACA vest and 6b47 helmet
Prapor The Punisher - Part 6 Elimination Kill 15 PMC operators. You must use SVD; Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Find 7 PMC BEAR dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC BEAR dogtags
Prapor Polikhim hobo Elimination Kill 25 Scavs on Customs
Prapor Big customer Completion Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Prapor No offence PickUp Find 10 M67 grenades; Handover grenades to Prapor
Prapor Grenadier Elimination Kill 12 PMC's with grenades
Prapor Perfect mediator Standing Reach 4-th level of standing with Ragman; Reach 4-th level of standing with Skier; Reach 4-th level of standing with Mechanic; Reach 4-th level of standing with Peacekeeper; Reach 4-th level of standing with Prapor; Reach 4-th level of standing with Therapist
Prapor Insomnia Elimination Kill 30 PMC's during nighttime (23 to 04)
Prapor Test drive - Part 1 Elimination Kill 5 PMC's using an M1A with a Hybrid 46 silencer and a Trijicon REAP-IR thermal scope
Prapor Regulated materials PickUp Find in raid military battery; Handover military battery; Find in raid 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon; Handover 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon
Therapist Shortage PickUp Find 5 Salewa kits; Hand over 5 Salewa kits to Therapist
Therapist Sanitary Standards - Part 1 PickUp Find gas analyzer; (Optional) Get access to the pumping station at the Factory; Hand over the gas analyzer to Therapist
Therapist Sanitary Standards - Part 2 Completion Find in raid 2 gas analyzers; Hand over the gas analyzers to Therapist
Therapist Operation Aquarius - Part 1 PickUp Find hidden water in the dorm; Survive and extract Customs
Therapist Operation Aquarius - Part 2 Elimination Eliminate 15 Scavs on Customs
Therapist Painkiller PickUp Find in raid 4 morphine syringes; Hand the syringes over to Therapist
Therapist Pharmacist PickUp Find a case with the device; (Optional) Find the paramedic's car; (Optional) Get into dorm room 114; Hand over the case to Therapist
Therapist Supply plans PickUp Find the secure folder on the sawmill; Survive and exit Woods location; Hand over the folder to Therapist
Therapist General wares Completion Find in raid 15 cans of meat; Hand the cans over to Therapist
Therapist Car repair PickUp Find in raid 4 car batteries; Find in raid 8 spark plugs; Hand car batteries over to Therapist; Hand spark plugs over to Therapist
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 1 Discover Mark 1st ambulance; Mark 2nd ambulance; Mark 3rd ambulance; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 2 Discover Gather info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Hand over info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 3 Discover Find the car that belonged to the head of the Medical Service; Pick up the blood sample; Hand over the blood sample; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 4 Skill Increase Health skill level to 4
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 5 Multi Locate the drop spot in the nighttime in Factory; Obtain 3 packs of gunpowder and leave them in the designated spot
Therapist Postman Pat - Part 2 PickUp Hand over the letter from messenger to the Therapist
Therapist Out of curiosity PickUp Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Therapist Trust regain PickUp Find 303 dorm room key; Find ZB-014 key; Find the customs military checkpoint key; Find gas station closet key; Hand over 303 key; Hand over ZB-014 key; Hand over the checkpoint key; Hand over closet key
Therapist Hippocratic Vow Completion Handover 500 dollars.
Therapist Private clinic Completion Handover 3 Ophthalmoscopes; Handover 3 LEDX Skin Transilluminators
Therapist Athlete Skill Earn 10 Health skill level
Therapist Decontamination service Elimination Kill 30 Scavs at the Interchange, from the range less than 60 meters.You must be wearing spec. gear
Therapist An apple a day - keeps the doctor away Completion Handover 400,000 roubles
Skier Supplier PickUp Hand over 4 body armor to Skier; Hand over 4 shotguns to Skier
Skier The Extortionist PickUp Find the hidden valuable cargo; (Optional) Find the messenger body; (Optional) Find a place where the messenger hid the item; Hand it over to Skier
Skier Stirrup Elimination Eliminate 3 PMC operators. You must be using pistols
Skier What's on the flash drive? PickUp Find in raid two USB flash drives with information; Hand them over to Skier
Skier Golden swag Completion Find a Gilded Zibbo lighter; Leave the lighter in the bunkhouse in the trailer parking (Customs)
Skier Chemical - Part 1 PickUp Find some information about the Deputy Chief's past life; (Optional) Find a sleeping place of the former Deputy Chief of Security Hand it over to Skier; Find items that can help the investigation; Hand them over to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 2 PickUp Find any information that could help with the investigation; Hand it over to Skier; Find any evidence that could help with the investigation; Hand the evidence over to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 3 PickUp Find a Syringe with a chemical in the Factory; Hand over the syringe to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 4 PickUp Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Skier Loyalty buyout Standing Give 1 million roubles to Skier
Skier Friend from the West - Part 1 Elimination Kill 7 USEC Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags
Skier Friend from the West - Part 2 Merchant Hand over $6,000
Skier "Vitamins" - Part 1 PickUp Get first Chemical container; Hand over first Chemical container; Get second Chemical container; Hand over second Chemical container; Get third Chemical container; Hand over third Chemical container
Skier "Vitamins" - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 Medical bloodset; Hand over Medical bloodset, 3 pcs; Find in raid 4 Respirator; Hand over Respirator, 4 pcs
Skier Lend lease - Part 1 PickUp Get first Motor Controller; Hand over first controller; Get second Motor Controller; Hand over second controller; Get third Motor Controller; Hand over third controller; Get first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Get second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope
Skier Informed means armed Completion Install a WIFI camera to watch the pier; Install the WIFI camera to watch the road to port; Install the WIFI camera to watch Kiba Arms store
Skier Chumming Completion Stash 3 gold chains under the mattress next to BTR-80A; Stash 3 gold chains in the microwave on the 3rd floor of dorms; Stash 3 gold chains in the middle accommodation unit of the sawmill; Kill 5 PMC operators on Interchange in time period from 23:00 till 10:00
Skier Kind of sabotage PickUp Hand over folder 0052 to Skier
Skier Silent caliber Elimination Kill 20 Scavs with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun; Kill 10 PMC's with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun
Skier Flint Skill Earn 8 Stress Resistance skill level
Skier Bullshit Discovery Find False flash drive; Put fake flash drive (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Put sniper rifle SV-98 (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs; Put Roler watch (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Do not kill Scavs at Customs until the quest is completed
Skier Setup Elimination Kill 15 PMC's at Customs. You must be wearing spec. gear
Peacekeeper Fishing Gear Completion Find the secret spot; Leave sniper rifle in place; Leave multitool in place; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Tigr Safari Discover Mark first Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark second Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark third Tigr vehicle at Customs; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Scrap Metal Discover Mark first tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark second tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark third tank T-90 at Shoreline; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Eagle Eye PickUp Find the first UAV crash site; Find SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Find the second UAV crash site Find SAS disk from the second crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the second crashed drone
Peacekeeper Humanitarian Supplies Discover Mark first truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find first truck with lost UN cargo; Mark second truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find second truck with lost UN cargo; Find 5 MRE ration packs; Deliver 5 MRE ration packs to Peacekeeper; Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline. You must be wearing UN uniform (MF-UNTAR armor vest and UNTAR helmet); Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Redacted quest - Part 1 Exploration Find the missing informant Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Redacted quest - Part 2 Exploration Put the beacon on the ritual spot at the Customs; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Woods; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Shoreline; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 1 Elimination Kill 7 Scavs at the Shoreline with 12 gauge shotgun headshots
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 2 Exploration Mark the helicopter with a beacon Mark a safe road with a beacon Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 3 PickUp Find in raid WD-40 100ml; Hand over WD-40 100ml; Find in raid Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Hand over Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Find in raid Ox bleach, 2 pcs; Hand over Ox bleach, 2 pcs
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 4 Discover Find generators in right wing; Find generators in left wing; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 5 PickUp Find the key from the locked resort rooms; Hand over key from the locked resort rooms
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 6 Standing Hand over $8,000
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 7 PickUp Find in raid Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Hand over Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Find in raid Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Hand over Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Find in raid 5L propane tank, 2 pcs; Hand over 5L propane tank, 2 pcs
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 1 PickUp Find the cargo record in the computer room; Hand over the retrieved data to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 2 Exploration Find a room with reservoirs; Find any information on the second part of the shipment; Give the info on the second part of the cargo to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 3 Multi Find hidden Terragroup cargo; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Lend lease - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Find in raid 2 Virtex programmable processors; Handover Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Handover 2 Virtex programmable processors
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 1 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed M4 or ADAR
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 2 Exploration Find the fisher's dwelling; Set the beacon; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 3 Exploration Find Artyom's car; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 4 PickUp Find a list of resort tenants; Hand over the list of tenants to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 5 PickUp Find info on Artyom's work; Hand over the info to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 6 Skill Reach level 7 in Sniper rifle handling skill
Peacekeeper The guide Exploration Survive at Interchange (Status: Survived); Survive at Shoreline (Status: Survived); Survive at Factory (Status: Survived); Survive at Laboratory (Status: Survived); Survive at Woods (Status: Survived); Survive at Customs (Status: Survived); Survive at Reserve (Status: Survived)
Peacekeeper Peacekeeping mission Elimination Kill 12 Scavs on Customs while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Interchange while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Shoreline while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Woods while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1)
Peacekeeper Mentor Completion Handover 50,000 euros
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 1 Parameter-oriented modding Modify MP-133 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 2 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKS-74U to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 3 Parameter-oriented modding Modify MP5 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 4 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 5 Parameter-oriented modding Modify DVL-10 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 6 Parameter-oriented modding Modify R11 RSASS to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 7 Parameter-oriented modding Modify Remington Model 870 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 8 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKM to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 9 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKS-74N to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 10 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AK-105 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 11 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AS VAL to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 12 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AK-102 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 13 Parameter-oriented modding Modify SIG MPX to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 14 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKMN to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 15 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M1A to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 16 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Farming - Part 1 Completion Fix the first control board Fix the second control board Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Farming - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Powercord, 2 pcs; Hand over Powercord, 2 pcs; Find in raid T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Hand over T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Find in raid Printed circuit board, 2 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 2 pcs
Mechanic Farming - Part 3 Completion Find a warehouse of confiscate; Get package with graphics cards; Hand over package with graphics cards
Mechanic Farming - Part 4 PickUp Find in raid Graphics card, 3 pcs; Hand over Graphics card, 3 pcs; Find in raid CPU Fan, 8 pcs; Hand over CPU Fan, 8 pcs
Mechanic Signal - Part 1 Discover Find the first signal source; Find the second signal source; Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Signal - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 PC CPU; Find in raid 3 Rechargeable battery; Find in raid 3 Printed circuit board; Find in raid 3 Broken GPhone; Hand over PC CPU, 3 pcs; Hand over Rechargeable battery, 3 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 3 pcs; Hand over Broken GPhone, 3 pcs
Mechanic Signal - Part 3 Completion Place first jammer; Place second jammer; Place third jammer; Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Signal - Part 4 Skill Increase memory skill level to 4
Mechanic Bad habit PickUp Find in raid Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs
Mechanic Scout Completion Find a way out of the factory 1; Find a way out of the factory 2; Find a way out of the factory 3; Survive and exit the location
Mechanic Insider Standing Reach level 3 loyalty with Prapor
Mechanic Psycho Sniper Skill Upgrade the Sniper skill to level 9
Mechanic Import PickUp Find in raid UHF RFID Reader; Find in raid VPX Flash Storage Module; Handover UHF RFID Reader; Handover VPX Flash Storage Module
Mechanic Fertilizers PickUp Find in raid 5 Wires Find in raid 5 Capacitors; Handover 5 Wires; Handover 5 Capacitors
Mechanic A Shooter Born in Heaven Elimination Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Woods from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Interchange from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Shoreline from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Customs from a distance of more than 100 meters.
Mechanic Introduction Completion Find Jaeger's camp; Find Jaeger's message; Handover the message to the Mechanic
Ragman Only business Merchant Obtain level 2 loyalty with Ragman
Ragman Make ULTRA Great Again Completion Kill 25 Scavs at the Interchange.
Ragman Big sale Exploration Check AVOKADO; Check KOSTIN; Check tRend Check DINO CLOTHES Check TOP BRAND Survive and leave the area
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 1 Completion Mark tank 1; Mark tank 2; Mark tank 3; Survive and leave the area
Ragman Dressed to kill Completion Hand over Ushanka ear-flap cap, 7 pcs; Hand over Kinda cowboy hat, 7 pcs
Ragman Gratitude Completion Find the secret spot; Leave the Ghost balaclava in place; Leave the Shemagh in place; Leave the RayBench sunglasses in place; Leave the Round frame sunglasses in place
Ragman Sales Night Completion Survive in the raid at Interchange 7 times
Ragman Hot delivery Completion Stash Peltor ComTac 2 in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash 6B47 Ratnik-BSh Helmet in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash BNTI Gzhel-K armor in specified place, 2 pcs
Ragman Database - Part 1 Exploration Get Goshan cargo manifests; Hand over Goshan cargo manifests; Get OLI cargo manifests; Hand over OLI cargo manifests; Get IDEA cargo manifests; Hand over IDEA cargo manifests
Ragman Database - Part 2 Completion Get OLI cargo route documents; Hand over OLI cargo route documents
Ragman Minibus Completion Mark first minibus; Mark second minibus; Mark third minibus; Survive and leave the area
Ragman Sew it good - Part 1 PickUp Find in raid Ski hat with holes for eyes; Hand over Ski hat with holes for eyes; Find in raid Pilgrim tourist backpack; Hand over Pilgrim tourist backpack
Ragman Sew it good - Part 2 PickUp Get Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Get Gzhel in 50-100% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 50-100% condition
Ragman Sew it good - Part 3 PickUp Get 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Get 6B43 with 50-100% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 50-100% condition
Ragman Sew it good - Part 4 PickUp Find in raid 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Hand over 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Find in raid 2 BlackRock chest rig; Hand over 2 BlackRock chest rig
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs; Hand over Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 3 Completion Find and mark first fuel stash; Find and mark second fuel stash; Find and mark third fuel stash; Survive and leave the area
Ragman The key to success PickUp Get Clothes design handbook Part 1; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 1; Get Clothes design handbook Part 2; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 2
Ragman Living high is not a crime - Part 1 PickUp Find in raid Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Hand over Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Find in raid Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Hand over Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Find in raid Cat figurine Hand over Cat figurine; Find in raid Roler submariner gold wrist watch; Hand over Roler submariner gold wrist watch
Ragman Living high is not a crime - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 antique teapots; Find in raid 2 antique vases; Handover 3 antique teapots; Handover 2 antique vases
Ragman Charisma brings success Skill Increase the Charisma level to 10
Ragman No fuss needed Standing Increase the Therapist loyalty level to 3
Ragman Supervisor PickUp Get key from Goshan cash registers; Hand over key from Goshan cash registers
Ragman Scavenger Skill Earn 9 Search skill level
Ragman The stylish one Elimination Eliminate Killa 100 times
Ragman Textile - Part 1 Pickup Obtain in raid 5 pcs. of Aramid fiber cloth; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Ripstop cloth; Obtain in raid 3 pcs. of paracord; Hand over Aramid fiber cloth 5 pcs.; Hand over Ripstop cloth 10 pcs.; Hand over paracord 3 pcs.
Ragman Textile - Part 2 Pickup Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Fleece cloth; Hand over Fleece cloth 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Polyamide fabric Cordura; Hand over Polyamide fabric Cordura 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.; Hand over KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.
Jaeger Acquaintance Completion Get 5 Iskra lunch box; Get 6 packs of Emelya rye croutons; Get 3 cans of delicious beef stew
Jaeger The survivalist path - Unprotected, but dangerous Completion Kill 5 scavs on Woods. You should not wear body armor
Jaeger The survivalist path - Thrifty Completion Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-014 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-014 bunker
Jaeger The survivalist path - Zhivchik Experience Spend 5 minutes in a state of complete dehydration
Jaeger The survivalist path - Wounded beast Completion Kill 4 scavs while suffering from pain effect
Jaeger The survivalist path - Tough guy Completion Eliminate 4 scavs on Woods in a single raid. You must not use medicine. Don't use any medicine during the quest
Jaeger The survivalist path - Cold blooded Completion Eliminate 3 PMCs with the headshot while having tremor
Jaeger The survivalist path - Junkie Elimination Kill 20 scavs on Woods while having stimulant effects
Jaeger The survivalist path - Combat medic Completion Reach level 5 Vitality skill
Jaeger Huntsman path - Secured perimeter Completion Eliminate 8 PMС on Factory in the office area
Jaeger Huntsman path - The trophy Completion Eliminate Reshala; Find in raid the golden TT; Handover golden TT to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Woods cleaning Completion Kill 40 scavs all over the Tarkov territory
Jaeger Huntsman path - Controller Completion Kill 2 PMCs blinded with the flashbang
Jaeger Huntsman path - Sell-out Elimination Eliminate Killa; Find In Raid Killa's helmet; Handover Killa's helmet to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Woods keeper Completion Eliminate Shturman; Find in raid Shturman's key; Handover the Shturman's stash key to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Justice Completion Kill 3 scavs that are dressed in police uniform
Jaeger Huntsman path - Evil watchman Completion Kill 7 PMCs in the Dorms area on Customs
Jaeger Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 1 Completion Find and eliminate Glukhar
Jaeger Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 2 Completion Eliminate 8 raiders
Jaeger Ambulance Completion Find in raid portable defibrillator; Find in raid 2 CMS surgery kits; Handover portable defibrillator; Handover 2 CMS surgery kits
Jaeger Shady business PickUp Find in raid 3 flash drives; Handover 3 flash drives
Jaeger Nostalgia Completion Find a room with the view of a bay, where Jaeger was staying; Find Jaegers' photo album; Handover photo album to Jaeger
Jaeger Fishing place Completion Find in raid 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards; Handover 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards
Jaeger Courtesy visit Completion Find priest house; Find fisherman house Find chairman house
Jaeger Hunting trip Completion Give the Jaeger 3x M700 sniper rifles of a certain configuration
Jaeger Reserv Completion Find the food storage
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 1 Elimination Kill 8 Scavs over 40 meters away with a Mosin rifle without a scope
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 2 Elimination Make 3 hits in the legs from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin Make 2 headshots from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 3 Elimination Kill 4 PMC operatives with a Mosin at close range, less than 25 meters away
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 4 Elimination Level up the Sniper Rifles skill to 4
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 5 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs at Customs with a Mosin rifle between 21:00 and 5:00
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 6 Elimination Kill 7 Scav snipers with a Mosin
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 7 Elimination Kill 5 PMC operatives with a suppressed Mosin at least 55 meters away
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 8 Elimination Kill 3 PMC operatives with a Mosin over one raid in the Woods
Fence Collector PickUp Find an Old firesteel in raid; Handover the Old firesteel; Find an Antique axe in raid; Handover the Antique axe; Find a Battered antique Book in raid; Handover the Battered antique Book; Find a FireKlean gun lube in raid; Handover the FireKlean gun lube; Find a Golden rooster in raid; Handover the Golden rooster; Find a Silver Badge in raid; Handover the Silver Badge; Find a Deadlyslob's beard oil in raid; Handover the Deadlyslob's beard oil; Find a Golden 1GPhone in raid; Handover the Golden 1GPhone; Find a Jar of DevilDog mayo in raid; Handover the Jar of DevilDog mayo Find a Can of sprats in raid; Handover the Can of sprats; Find a Fake mustache in raid; Handover the Fake mustache; Find a Kotton beanie in raid; Handover the Kotton beanie; Find a Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans in raid; Handover the Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans; Find a Pestily plague mask in raid; Handover the Pestily plague mask; Find a Raven figurine in raid; Handover the Raven figurine; Find a Shroud half-mask in raid; Handover the Shroud half-mask
Facility Level Requirements
Air Filtering Unit 1 10,000 Dollars Level 3 Generator Level 3 Vents Skier LL3
Bitcoin farm 1 10 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Powercord 1 Electric drill Level 2 Intelligence Center
Bitcoin farm 2 15 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Printed circuit board 2 Phase control relay Level 3 Generator
Bitcoin farm 3 25 CPU Fan 10 Silicone tubes 2 Electric motor 4 Pressure gauges Level 1 Solar Power Level 3 Water Collector
Booze generator 1 4 Silicone tubes 2 Analog thermometers 2 Pressure gauges 5 Corrugated hose Level 3 Water Collector Level 3 Nutrition Unit
Generator 1 100,000 Roubles
Generator 2 5 Phase control relays 1 Electric motor 15 Wires Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents
Generator 3 6 Phase control relays 2 Electric motor 5 Spark plug 5 Power supply unit Level 3 Security Level 3 Vents Mechanic LL3
Heating 1 25,000 Roubles
Heating 2 50,000 Roubles Level 1 Endurance
Heating 3 8 Radiator helix 8 Wires Level 2 Generator Level 2 Workbench Level 2 Ragman
Illumination 1 10,000 Roubles
Illumination 2 14 Light bulb 5 Wires Level 1 Generator
Illumination 3 50,000 Roubles 7 Capacitors Level 2 Generator Mechanic LL2
Intelligence Center 1 1 Folder with intelligence Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents
Intelligence Center 2 3 Folder with intelligence 3 Secure Flash drive 4 Powercord 4 Damaged hard drive Level 3 Security Level 3 Medstation Level 3 Nutrition Unit Mechanic LL2 Level 3 Attention
Intelligence Center 3 2 Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitters 2 VPX Flash Storage Modules 3 Gas analyzers 4 Military cable Level 3 Generator Prapor LL3
Lavatory 1 2,000 Roubles
Lavatory 2 3 Corrugated hoses 5 A pack of screws 1 Electric drill Level 1 Water Collector
Lavatory 3 6 Corrugated hoses 2 Pressure gauges 1 A set of tools 3 Xenomorph sealing foam Level 2 Water Collector
Library 1 400,000 Roubles Level 3 Rest Space Level 8 Memory skill
Medstation 1 25,000 Roubles
Medstation 2 50,000 Roubles 2 Medical bloodset 3 Saline solution Therapist LL2 Level 2 Health
Medstation 3 150,000 Roubles 4 Saline solution 1 LEDX Skin Transilluminator 1 Opthalmoscope Therapist LL3 Skier LL2 Vitality Level 3 Level 2 Lavatory
Nutrition unit 1 25,000 Roubles 2 Phase control relay Level 1 Generator
Nutrition unit 2 4 Wrench 2 Corrugated hose 2 Heat-exchange alkali surface washer 1 Phase control relay Level 2 Lavatory
Nutrition unit 3 125,000 Roubles 3 Coffee Majaica 3 Sodium bicarbonate Level 2 Generator Level 3 Lavatory Level 2 Stash Level 3 Metabolism
Rest Space 1 10,000 Roubles
Rest Space 2 35,000 Roubles Level 2 Generator Level 2 Heating Level 2 Ragman
Rest Space 3 3,000 Dollars 4 Powercord 5 Capacitors 7 Wires Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Skier LL3
Scav case 1 4 Bronze lion 6 Gold skull ring 8 Golden neck chain 4 Roler submariner gold wrist watch Level 2 Intelligence Center
Security 1 20,000 Roubles
Security 2 45,000 Roubles Level 2 Endurance
Security 3 2 Working LCD 4 Wires 8 NIXXOR lens 1 SSD drive Level 3 Illumination Mechanic LL2
Shooting range 1 4 A pack of nails 5 Screw nut 5 Bolts 3 Duct tape Level 2 Illumination
Solar power 1 15,000 Euros 4 Military cable 2 Phased array element 4 Military power filter Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Peacekeeper LL4
Stash 1 Purchase of EFT Standard Edition
Stash 2 Purchase of EFT Left Behind Or 3,500,000 Roubles 1 Hand drill 7 A pack of screws 4 WD-40 100ml.
Stash 3 Purchase of EFT Prepare for Escape Or 8,500,000 Roubles 2 Electric drill 8 A pack of screws Level 2 Heating Level 2 Vents Prapor LL3 Ragman LL3
Stash 4 Purchase of EFT Edge of Darkness Or 150,000 Euros Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Level 3 Heating Level 3 Intelligence Center Peacekeeper LL4 Ragman LL4
Vents 1 25,000 Roubles
Vents 2 1 Electric motor 1 Car battery
Vents 3 4 Electric motor 14 Wires 5 Printed circuit board 4 Car battery Level 2 Generator Level 2 Strength
Water collector 1 4 Corrugated hose 5 Bolts 5 Screw nut 3 Duct tape
Water collector 2 6 Corrugated hose 2 Electric motor 2 A set of tools Level 2 Workbench Jaeger LL2 Level 3 Attention
Water collector 3 125,000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 5 Shustrilo sealing foam Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Jaeger LL3
Workbench 1 2 Screw nuts 2 Bolts 1 Leatherman Multitool
Workbench 2 3 A set of tools 2 Electric drill 6 Bolts Level 2 Illumination Mechanic LL2
Workbench 3 195.000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 1 FireKlean gun lube Level 2 Stash Mechanic LL3
Christmas tree 1 10,000 Roubles 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (red) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (silver) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (violet)
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